Abdullah I of Jordan facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsAbdullah I
Portrait by Cecil Beaton
|King of Jordan|
|Reign||25 May 1946 – 20 July 1951|
|Predecessor||Himself as Emir of Transjordan|
|Emir of Transjordan|
|Reign||11 April 1921 – 25 May 1946|
|Successor||Himself as King|
|Born||2 February 1882
Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||20 July 1951
Jerusalem, West Bank, Jordan
Musbah bint Nasser (m. 1904)
Suzdil Khanum (m. 1913)
Nahda bint Uman (m. 1949)
Talal I of Jordan
|Father||Hussein bin Ali|
|Mother||Abdiyya bint Abdullah|
Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: عبد الله الأول بن الحسينcode: ar is deprecated , Abd Allāh Al-Awal ibn Al-Husayn, 2 February 1882 – 20 July 1951) was the founder and ruler of the Jordanian realm from 11 April 1921 until his assassination on the 20th of July 1951. He was the Emir of Transjordan, a British protectorate, until 25 May 1946, after which he was the king of an independent Jordan. He was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad, as he belongs to the Hashemite family.
Born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, Abdullah was the second of four sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, and his first wife, Abdiyya bint Abdullah. He was educated in Istanbul and Hejaz. From 1909 to 1914, Abdullah sat in the Ottoman legislature, as deputy for Mecca, but allied with Britain during World War I. Between 1916 and 1918, he played a key role as architect and planner of the Great Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule that was led by his father Sharif Hussein. Abdullah personally led guerrilla raids on garrisons.
Abdullah became emir of Transjordan in April 1921, which he established by his own initiative. He became king after Transjordan was granted independence in 1946 (the country's name became simply Jordan in 1949). Abdullah ruled until 1951 when he was assassinated in Jerusalem while attending Friday prayers at the entrance of the Al-Aqsa mosque by a Palestinian who feared that the King was going to make peace with Israel. He was succeeded by his eldest son Talal.
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King Abdullah welcomed by Palestinian Christians in East Jerusalem on 29 May 1948, the day after his forces took control over the city.
Abdullah I of Jordan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.