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Abdullah I
Abdullah I of Jordan portrait.jpg
Portrait by Cecil Beaton
King of Jordan
Reign 25 May 1946 – 20 July 1951
Predecessor Himself as Emir of Transjordan
Successor Talal I
Emir of Transjordan
Reign 11 April 1921 – 25 May 1946
Predecessor Office Established
Successor Himself as King
Born 2 February 1882
Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 20 July 1951(1951-07-20) (aged 69)
Jerusalem, West Bank, Jordan
Burial Raghadan Palace
Consort
Musbah bint Nasser (m. 1904)
Junior wives
Suzdil Khanum (m. 1913)

Nahda bint Uman (m. 1949)
Issue Princess Haya
Talal I of Jordan
Prince Naif
Princess Munira
Princess Maqbula
Princess Naifeh
House Hashemite
Father Hussein bin Ali
Mother Abdiyya bint Abdullah

Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: عبد الله الأول بن الحسين , Abd Allāh Al-Awal ibn Al-Husayn, 2 February 1882 – 20 July 1951) was the founder and ruler of the Jordanian realm from 11 April 1921 until his assassination on the 20th of July 1951. He was the Emir of Transjordan, a British protectorate, until 25 May 1946, after which he was the king of an independent Jordan. He was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad, as he belongs to the Hashemite family.

Born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, Abdullah was the second of four sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, and his first wife, Abdiyya bint Abdullah. He was educated in Istanbul and Hejaz. From 1909 to 1914, Abdullah sat in the Ottoman legislature, as deputy for Mecca, but allied with Britain during World War I. Between 1916 and 1918, he played a key role as architect and planner of the Great Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule that was led by his father Sharif Hussein. Abdullah personally led guerrilla raids on garrisons.

Abdullah became emir of Transjordan in April 1921, which he established by his own initiative. He became king after Transjordan was granted independence in 1946 (the country's name became simply Jordan in 1949). Abdullah ruled until 1951 when he was assassinated in Jerusalem while attending Friday prayers at the entrance of the Al-Aqsa mosque by a Palestinian who feared that the King was going to make peace with Israel. He was succeeded by his eldest son Talal.

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