Jesse McI. Carter facts for kids
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Jesse McI. Carter
Major General Jesse McIlvaine Carter
April 12, 1863|
|Died||June 23, 1930
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1886–1921|
|Commands held||12th Cavalry Regiment
11th Infantry Division
Chief of the Militia Bureau
Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Jesse McI. Carter was born in Farmington, Missouri on April 12, 1863. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1886, the same year as fellow Missourian John J. Pershing. Carter was appointed a Second Lieutenant in the 3rd Cavalry.
Start of career
Carter served in a variety of assignments throughout the United States at the beginning of his career, including postings during the Indian Wars to Fort Ringgold, Texas with the 3rd Cavalry, and Forts McIntosh, Clark and Sam Houston, Texas with the 5th Cavalry. From 1890 to 1891 he was Commandant of Cadets and an instructor at Norwich University. From 1893 to 1894 he served as a recruiting officer in Indianapolis, Indiana and Louisville, Kentucky. In the years immediately prior to the Spanish–American War, Carter commanded Troop C, 5th Cavalry at New Orleans, Tampa, Mobile and Huntsville.
In 1900 he was appointed a Captain in the Porto Rico Regiment, a volunteer organization raised shortly after the end of the war.
Post Spanish–American War
From 1912 to 1914 Carter served as a member of the Cavalry Board, the committee charged with reviewing tactics, weapons and equipment, and making recommendations for improvement.
Pancho Villa Expedition
Carter served as a squadron commander with the 12th Cavalry in Panama in 1916. Later that year he was promoted to colonel and commanded the 12th Cavalry on the Texas–Mexico Border during the Pancho Villa Expedition.
World War I
In 1916 Carter was appointed to head the Militia Bureau, the forerunner of the modern National Guard Bureau. He served until mid-1918, helping federalize and mobilize National Guard units for World War I. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1917 and temporary major general later that year.
In August, 1918 Carter was appointed commander of the 11th Infantry Division, at Fort Meade, Maryland, and began training in anticipation of front line service in France. The Armistice took place before training was complete, and the division did not leave the United States.
Post World War I
Carter reverted to his permanent rank of brigadier general after the war, and returned to the Militia Bureau. Until his retirement he advocated for reforms to the National Guard, including a plan to have state Adjutants General be appointed from among officers of the regular Army. He also planned for the National Guard's post-war reorganization and reequipping, taking steps to standardize training and other requirements in order to align them with the regular Army.
Carter retired in 1921, and resided in Wharton, Texas.
Awards and decorations
Carter received the Distinguished Service Medal in recognition of his World War I service.
Retirement and death
After retiring from the Army, Carter was employed by St. Louis's Missouri-Lincoln Trust Company as manager of its Texas holdings. He later worked as a manager for the Wharton Development Company.
Congress subsequently passed a special act making Carter a permanent Major General on the retired list, to date from June 21, 1930.
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