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Farmington, Missouri
Farmington, Missouri, May 2019
Farmington, Missouri, May 2019
Tradition and Progress
Location of Farmington, Missouri
Location of Farmington, Missouri
Farmington, Missouri is located in Missouri
Farmington, Missouri
Farmington, Missouri
Location in Missouri
Farmington, Missouri is located in the United States
Farmington, Missouri
Farmington, Missouri
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Missouri
County St. Francois
 • Type City council
 • Total 9.18 sq mi (23.77 km2)
 • Land 9.12 sq mi (23.62 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
915 ft (279 m)
 • Total 18,217
 • Density 2,095.95/sq mi (809.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip Code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-23752
GNIS feature ID 0756036

Farmington is a city in St. Francois County located about 75 miles (121 km) southwest of St. Louis in the Lead Belt region in Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the population was 18,217. It is the county seat of St. Francois County. Farmington was established in 1822 as Murphy's Settlement, named for William Murphy of Kentucky, who first visited the site in 1798. When St. Francois County was organized, the town was briefly called St. Francois Court House and later renamed to Farmington.


Farmington is located at 37°46′55″N 90°25′20″W / 37.78194°N 90.42222°W / 37.78194; -90.42222 (37.781932, −90.422145). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.39 square miles (24.32 km2), of which, 9.35 square miles (24.22 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.


William Murphy arrived on the land west of the Mississippi River in 1798, when it was part of the upper Louisiana Territory and under Spanish rule. Murphy was searching for the ideal site to relocate his family and, as the tradition goes, came to find a spring near what is now the St. Francois County Courthouse with the aid of a local Native American. Deciding that this was an excellent place to set up home, Murphy acquired a Spanish Land Grant, allowing him and his family to establish a settlement along the St. Francois River.

In his travels back to Kentucky, Murphy died, leaving it up to his wife, Sarah Barton Murphy, and their grown sons to establish the settlement, which they did around 1800, and named the area Murphy's Settlement. Sarah Barton Murphy is known to have assembled the premier Protestant Sunday School west of the Mississippi River. Because Spanish law barred any religious services that were not Roman Catholic, Murphy and her students orchestrated the learning in secret.

A post office in Murphy’s Settlement opened in 1817, following the annexation of the land to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Missouri became a state in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise. In 1822, David Murphy made a contribution of 52 acres (210,000 m2) of land for the installation of the county seat of what was soon to be St. Francois County. Murphy's Settlement was renamed Farmington in 1825, taking the name from the area's rich farm land. Farmington was granted incorporation as a town in 1836 and became a village 20 years later in 1856.

In the mid-19th century, Farmington enjoyed growth and economic well-being through the building of the historic Plank Road, which stretched from Pilot Knob to Ste. Genevieve. The road was built to transport both supplies from the shipping facilities located along the river to the mines and to move the mine’s iron ore to the shipping facilities. The route was soon taken over by the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad.

The first public school was constructed in 1870 and in 1879. Farmington gained the recognition as a fourth-class city–an accolade that was surpassed in 1981 when Farmington became a third-class city.

The Courthouse Square Historic District, East Columbia Historic District, Farmington State Hospital No. 4 Cemetery, James Robinson McCormick House, Presbyterian Orphanage of Missouri, and St. Francois County Jail and Sheriff's Residence are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Approximately 51.21% of the people in Farmington identify themselves as religious or affiliated with a religion. Many of these religious residents identify as Christians—38.08% are Protestants, 7.65% are Roman Catholics, 5.03% identify with another Christian faith, 0.43% are Mormons, 0.03% belong to an Eastern religion, and 0.01% are Jewish.


Average annual temperature is 54 °F (12 °C). Average high temperature (July) is 88.5 °F (31.4 °C). Average low temperature (January) is 18.8 °F (−7.3 °C).


The Farmington Micropolitan Statistical Area includes St. Francois County and Washington County and has a population of 90,554 as of 2010. Farmington is a component of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area, also known as Greater St. Louis.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 393
1880 608 54.7%
1890 1,394 129.3%
1900 1,778 27.5%
1910 2,613 47.0%
1920 2,685 2.8%
1930 3,001 11.8%
1940 3,738 24.6%
1950 4,490 20.1%
1960 5,618 25.1%
1970 6,590 17.3%
1980 8,270 25.5%
1990 11,598 40.2%
2000 13,924 20.1%
2010 16,240 16.6%
2020 18,217 12.2%
U.S. Decennial Census 2020

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,240 people, 5,620 households, and 3,313 families living in the city. The population density was 1,736.9 inhabitants per square mile (670.6/km2). There were 6,172 housing units at an average density of 660.1 per square mile (254.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.26% White, 7.14% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.

There were 5,620 households, of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 19% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 56.3% male and 43.7% female.


Approximately 51.21% of the people in Farmington identify themselves as religious or affiliated with a religion. Many of these religious residents identify as Christians—38.08% are Protestants, 7.65% are Roman Catholics, 5.03% identify with another Christian faith, 0.43% are Mormons, 0.03% belong to an Eastern religion, and 0.01% are Jewish.


  • Farmington has a park system, with major parks including Engler Park, Wilson-Rozier Park, and Trimfoot park.
  • St. Joe State Park is right outside the city limits and attracts ATV riders, campers, horseback riders, bicyclists, and swimmers.


The airline Multi-Aero, which flies passenger airline services as Air Choice One, has its headquarters in Farmington. It is home to an SRG Global manufacturing plant, U.S. Tool, and Startek, a call center. Other major employers in the city are BJC Parkland Health Center, Centene Corp, USA Drug, Farmington Correctional Center and Southeast Missouri Mental Health Center.


Public schools

The Farmington R-VII School District serves the city's need for public education. According to the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, there are five elementary schools, two being private, one public intermediate school, one middle school, and one high school in the school district for a total of nine schools. During the 2008–2009 school year, there was a total of 3,743 students and 306 certified staff members enrolled in the Farmington R-VII School District. The school colors are black and gold and the mascot is the knight (knightette for females). Athletics offered in the school district include boys' and girls' basketball, cross country, soccer, tennis, track, boys' baseball, golf, football, wrestling, and girls' softball and girls' volleyball. Other activities include band (marching, jazz, and concert) cheerleading, colorguard, winter guard, dance team, FFA, AFJROTC, TSA, and FBLA.


  • Jefferson Elementary
  • Lincoln Intermediate
  • Roosevelt Elementary
  • Truman Kindergarten
  • Washington-Franklin Elementary
  • W.L. Johns Early Childhood Center


  • Farmington Middle School
  • Farmington Senior High School
  • Juvenile Detention Center
  • Midwest Learning Center

Private schools

Farmington is also home to two private schools.

  • St. Joseph Catholic School (PK-8)
  • St. Paul Lutheran School (PK-8)
  • St. Paul Lutheran High School (9-12)

Public library

Farmington has a lending library, the Farmington Public Library.


Farmington is located at the crossroads of US 67 and Missouri Hwy 32.

Notable people

Barney Pelty
Barney Pelty
  • Sam Agnew, Major League Baseball catcher
  • Jake Arrieta, Major League Baseball pitcher, 2015 NL Cy Young Award winner
  • Ed Blaine, former NFL player
  • Jesse McI. Carter, United States Army major general in World War I
  • Walter Lewis Hensley, US Representative
  • Andrew Conway Ivy, physiologist
  • Lloyd McBride, labor leader
  • James Robinson McCormick, US Representative
  • Greggory Nations, writer and co-producer of Lost TV series, also affiliated with the series Bates Motel
  • Dan Peek, founding member of the band America, lived in Farmington from 1978 until his death in 2011
  • Barney Pelty, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Kyle Richardson, NFL punter, member of Super Bowl XXXV champion Baltimore Ravens
  • Charles E. Sebastian, Mayor of Los Angeles
  • Alex White, professional mixed martial artist in UFC
  • J. Ernest Wilkins Sr., attorney, civil rights advocate, labor leader, and undersecretary of labor in the Eisenhower administration
  • Robert Moore Williams, writer
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