Farmington, Missouri facts for kids
|Motto: Tradition and Progress|
Location of Farmington, Missouri
|• Total||9.39 sq mi (24.32 km2)|
|• Land||9.35 sq mi (24.22 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||915 ft (279 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||18,181|
|• Density||1,736.9/sq mi (670.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0756036|
Farmington is a city in St. Francois County located 72 miles (116 km) southwest of St. Louis in the Lead Belt region in Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,240. It is the county seat of St. Francois County. The Farmington Micropolitan Statistical Area includes St. Francois County and Washington County and has a population of 90,554 as of 2010. Farmington is a component of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area, also known as Greater St. Louis.
Farmington was established in 1822 as Murphy's Settlement, named for William Murphy of Kentucky who first visited the site in 1798. When St. Francois County was organized, the town was briefly called St. Francois Court House and later renamed to Farmington.
Farmington is located at (37.781932, −90.422145). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.39 square miles (24.32 km2), of which, 9.35 square miles (24.22 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
William Murphy arrived on the land west of the Mississippi River in 1798, when it was part of the upper Louisiana Territory and under Spanish rule. Murphy was searching for the ideal site to relocate his family and, as the tradition goes, came to find a spring near what is now the St. Francois County Courthouse with the aid of a local Native American. Deciding that this was an excellent place to set up home, Murphy acquired a Spanish Land Grant, allowing him and his family to establish a settlement along the St. Francois River.
In his travels back to Kentucky, Murphy died, leaving it up to his wife, Sarah Barton Murphy, and their grown sons to establish the settlement, which they did around 1800, and named the area Murphy's Settlement. Sarah Barton Murphy is known to have assembled the premier Protestant Sunday School west of the Mississippi River. Because Spanish law barred any religious services that were not Roman Catholic, Murphy and her students orchestrated the learning in secret.
A post office in Murphy’s Settlement opened in 1817, following the annexation of the land to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Missouri became a state in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise. In 1822, David Murphy made a contribution of 52 acres (210,000 m2) of land for the installation of the county seat of what was soon to be St. Francois County. Murphy's Settlement was renamed Farmington in 1825, taking the name from the area's rich farm land. Farmington was granted incorporation as a town in 1836 and became a village 20 years later in 1856.
In the mid-19th century, Farmington enjoyed growth and economic well-being through the building of the historic Plank Road, which stretched from Pilot Knob to Ste. Genevieve. The road was built to transport both supplies from the shipping facilities located along the river to the mines and to move the mine’s iron ore to the shipping facilities. The route was soon taken over by the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad.
The first public school was constructed in 1870 and in 1879. Farmington gained the recognition as a fourth-class city–an accolade that was surpassed in 1981 when Farmington became a third-class city.
The Courthouse Square Historic District, East Columbia Historic District, Farmington State Hospital No. 4 Cemetery, James Robinson McCormick House, Presbyterian Orphanage of Missouri, and St. Francois County Jail and Sheriff's Residence are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Approximately 51.21% of the people in Farmington identify themselves as religious or affiliated with a religion. Many of these religious residents identify as Christians—38.08% are Protestants, 7.65% are Roman Catholics, 5.03% identify with another Christian faith, 0.43% are Mormons, 0.03% belong to an Eastern religion, and 0.01% are Jewish.
Average annual temperature is 54 °F (12 °C). Average high temperature (July) is 88.5 °F (31.4 °C). Average low temperature (January) is 18.8 °F (−7.3 °C).
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,240 people, 5,620 households, and 3,313 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,736.9 inhabitants per square mile (670.6/km2). There were 6,172 housing units at an average density of 660.1 per square mile (254.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.26% White, 7.14% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.
There were 5,620 households of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.
The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 19% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 56.3% male and 43.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,924 people, 4,647 households, and 2,909 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.0 people per square mile (600.7/km²). There were 5,003 housing units at an average density of 558.7 per square mile (215.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.73% White, 7.36% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.
There were 4,647 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 131.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 137.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,251, and the median income for a family was $39,899. Males had a median income of $27,448 versus $20,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,706. About 8.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
- Farmington has a park system, with major parks including Engler Park, Wilson-Rozier Park, and Trimfoot park.
- St. Joe State Park is right outside the city limits and attracts ATV riders, campers, horseback riders, bicyclists, and swimmers.
Images for kids
Farmington, Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.