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John B. Hawley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded by Henry Snapp
Succeeded by Thomas J. Henderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1873
Preceded by Abner C. Harding
Succeeded by Stephen A. Hurlbut
Personal details
Born (1831-02-09)February 9, 1831
Hawleyville, Connecticut
Died May 24, 1895(1895-05-24) (aged 64)
Hot Springs, South Dakota
Political party Republican

John Baldwin Hawley (February 9, 1831 – May 24, 1895) was an American government official. Born and raised in Illinois, Hawley served in the United States House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875.


Hawley was born in Hawleyville, Connecticut. He moved with his parents to Carthage, Illinois in 1833. While in Carthage, Hawley attended public school and was later accepted to Jacksonville College in Jacksonville, Illinois. Hawley studied law, and was subsequently admitted to the Illinois bar. He began his legal practice in Rock Island, Illinois.

Hawley was elected Illinois state attorney in 1856 and remained in the position for four years. Hawley enlisted in the Union Army during the Civil War and served as captain of Company H, Forty-Fifth Regimen of Illinois' Volunteer Infantry. He was appointed postmaster of Rock Island, Illinois, in 1865, and was removed the year following by President Johnson.

Hawley was elected as a Republican to the forty-first, forty-second, and forty-third Congress. He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures on Public Buildings and the Committee on Claims. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1874. Hawley served as the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury from December 6, 1877, until April 1880, when he resigned. He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1880 and resumed the practice of law.

After moving to Omaha, Nebraska in 1886, Hawley served as an attorney for the western branches of the Northwestern Railroad Company. He died in Hot Springs, South Dakota on May 24, 1895. Hawley was interred in Prospect Hill Cemetery, Omaha, Nebraska.

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