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John J. Kennedy (Republic of Texas politician) facts for kids

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John J. Kennedy
Nickname(s) "Colonel"
Born 1813 (1813)
Died 1880 (1881) (aged 67)
Hallsville, Texas
Allegiance  United States of America
 Republic of Texas
 Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Republic of Texas Texan Army
 Confederate States of America Army
Years of service 1832–36 (USA)
1836–1846 (Republic of Texas)
1861–65 (CSA)
Rank Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg First Lieutenant (USA)
Confederate States of America Captain.png Captain (CSA)
Commands held Company K, "Clough Rangers"
Republic of Texas 17th Texas Cavalry
Battles/wars Black Hawk War
Second Seminole War
Regulator-Moderator War
American Civil War
Other work Sheriff of Harrison County, Texas

John Joseph Kennedy (1813–1880) was a Scotch-Irish American lawyer and sheriff of Harrison County, Texas that helped end the Regulator-Moderator War in East Texas. He was an artillery officer in the United States Army and a cavalry captain for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Kennedy was also a Freemason and member of Marshall Lodge #22.


He served as a first lieutenant in the United States Army under General Abraham Eustis in the Black Hawk War and Second Seminole War. In 1836 he immigrated to the Republic of Texas receiving a 1,240 acre land grant from Anson Jones. He and his brother-in-law, Joseph Upton Fields, ended the Regulator-Moderator War while he was sheriff of Harrison County, Texas. Kennedy was also a Harrison County commissioner.

Kennedy ran for the Texas Senate campaigning against the Compromise of 1850. He was initially declared the winner, but then was defeated. According to the 1860 United States Census Kennedy owned 21 slaves, making him a planter.

During the American Civil War Kennedy served as Captain of Company K, 17th Texas Cavalry, also named Clough Rangers. He fought in the Battle of Arkansas Post where he evaded capture.

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