Kiln facts for kids

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Kiln
Gold Kiln, Victoria, Australia

A kiln, originally pronounced "kill", with the "n" silent, is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes.

Kilns have been used for millennia to turn objects made from clay into pottery, tiles and bricks. Various industries use rotary kilns for pyroprocessing—to calcinate ores, to calcinate limestone to lime for cement, and to transform many other materials.

Uses of kilns

Pit fired pottery was produced for thousands of years before the earliest known kiln, which dates to around 6000 BC, and was found at the Yarim Tepe site in modern Iraq. Neolithic kilns were able to produce temperatures greater than 900 °C (1652 °F).

Uses include:

Walters Ranch Hop Kiln in 2019, 4×5
Walters Ranch Hop Kiln
Lime Kiln, Welsh Bicknor - geograph.org.uk - 144899
Lime Kiln
Bottle kiln no.2 - geograph.org.uk - 713443
Bottle kiln
  • Annealing, fusing and deforming glass, or fusing metallic oxide paints to the surface of glass
  • Heat treatment for metallic workpieces
  • Ceramics
  • Brickworks
  • Melting metal for casting
  • Smelting ore to extract metal
  • Pyrolysis of chemical materials
  • Heating limestone with clay in the manufacture of Portland cement, the Cement kiln
  • Heating limestone to make quicklime or calcium oxide, the Lime kiln
  • Heating gypsum to make plaster of Paris
  • For cremation (at high temperature)
  • Drying of tobacco leaves
  • Drying malted barley for brewing and other fermentations
  • Drying hops for brewing (known as a hop kiln or oast house)
  • Drying corn (grain) before grinding or storage
  • Drying green lumber so it can be used immediately
  • Drying wood for use as firewood
  • Heating wood to the point of pyrolysis to produce charcoal

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Kiln Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.