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Livingston, Alabama
City of Livingston
The Sumter County Courthouse in Livingston, Alabama
The Sumter County Courthouse in Livingston, Alabama
Location of Livingston in Sumter County, Alabama.
Location of Livingston in Sumter County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Sumter
Area
 • Total 7.21 sq mi (18.68 km2)
 • Land 7.13 sq mi (18.47 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.22 km2)
Elevation
154 ft (47 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,436
 • Density 481.91/sq mi (186.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35470
Area code(s) 205, 659
FIPS code 01-43720
GNIS feature ID 0152129
Website https://www.cityoflivingstonal.com/

Livingston is a city in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. By an act of the state legislature, it was incorporated on January 10, 1835. At the 2010 census the population was 3,485, up from 3,297 in 2000. The city is the county seat of Sumter County, and the home of the University of West Alabama. It was named in honor of Edward Livingston, of the Livingston family of New York.

Geography

Livingston is located at 32°35′14″N 88°11′17″W / 32.58722°N 88.18806°W / 32.58722; -88.18806 (32.587332, -88.188161).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles (19 km2), of which 7.1 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.11%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 500
1880 738 47.6%
1890 850 15.2%
1900 851 0.1%
1910 877 3.1%
1920 968 10.4%
1930 1,072 10.7%
1940 1,170 9.1%
1950 1,681 43.7%
1960 1,544 −8.1%
1970 2,358 52.7%
1980 3,187 35.2%
1990 3,530 10.8%
2000 3,297 −6.6%
2010 3,485 5.7%
2020 3,436 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2020 census

Livingston Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 1,176 34.23%
Black or African American 2,009 58.47%
Native American 20 0.58%
Asian 96 2.79%
Pacific Islander 1 0.03%
Other/Mixed 56 1.63%
Hispanic or Latino 78 2.27%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 3,436 people, 1,211 households, and 592 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,485 people living in the city. 63.8% were African American, 34.4% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander and 0.6% of two more races. 0.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

History

The area now known as Livingston was part of the traditional territory of the nation of Choctaw Indians until the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830. The federal government removed most of the Choctaw to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. At that time, settlers from the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee, and Virginia established the first European-American community about two blocks from the current Courthouse Square, near the corner of Madison and Spring Streets.

In 1833, a commission was formed to organize Sumter County. Livingston was named after a well-known statesman and jurist of the day, Edward Livingston. Livingston was chosen as the county seat. Soon followed the first newspaper, The Voice of Sumter; four schools (including Livingston Female Academy, now The University of West Alabama), the courthouse, and the Bored Well.

The first courthouse was built of logs. It was replaced by a frame courthouse in 1839, which burned in 1901. The Probate Judge's office, built at the same time, survived the fire. It now houses the county commission office.

In the latter part of the nineteenth century, Livingston became widely known as a health spa because of the water from its Bored Well, one of many that made extensive settlement possible in the Black Belt. This well was bored by an old blind mule which pulled an auger around until an artesian aquifer was reached in 1857. Promoters built a Chinese-styled pagoda over the wall. In 1924 the pagoda was replaced by the predecessor to the present pavilion.

During the early part of the twentieth century, Livingston continued to be known as a health resort. It was also the site of the Alabama Normal School, which developed from the Livingston Female Academy and was established to train teachers for the public school system founded during the Reconstruction era. Reflecting its expanding programs and level of curriculum, the name of the college was later changed to the State Teachers College, then to Livingston State College, Livingston University and finally to The University of West Alabama.

Livingston continued as the sleepy county seat of a mainly rural county, with a declining population. In the early 1960s, citizens made an effort to revitalize the town, building on their historic heritage and main street. The results were a near doubling in population in ten years, and corresponding increase in industry and businesses. In 1972 Livingston was named a finalist in the "All American Cities Competition", sponsored by The Saturday Evening Post.

Historic sites

Livingston has a number of historic sites and properties. Lakewood (1840) is a historic antebellum mansion occupied by Julia Tutwiler while she was president of Livingston Normal College. The Sumter County Courthouse (1902) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Additionally, the Branch-Stuart Home (1903), Inge-Moon House (1834), St. James Episcopal Church (1840), and Voss-Pate House (1850) are all listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.

Education

University of West Alabama is in Livingston.

Sumter County School District operates public schools serving Livingston: Livingston Junior High School and Sumter Central High School. It was previously served by Livingston High School until it merged into Sumter Central High in 2011. In addition there is a charter school on the campus of the University of West Alabama in Livingston, University Charter School.

Sumter Academy, a private school, was in an unincorporated area near York. It closed in 2017.

Notable people

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