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Sumter County, Alabama facts for kids

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Sumter County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Sumter County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 18, 1832
Seat Livingston
Largest City Livingston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

913 sq mi (2,365 km²)
904 sq mi (2,341 km²)
9.4 sq mi (24 km²), 1.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

13,103
15/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://sumtercountyal.com/
Named for: Thomas Sumter
 
  • County Number 60 on Alabama Licence Plates

Sumter County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,763. Its county seat is Livingston. Its name is in honor of General Thomas Sumter of South Carolina.

History

Sumter County was established on December 18, 1832. From 1797 to 1832, Sumter County was part of the Choctaw Nation, which was made up of four main villages. The first settlers in Sumter County were French explorers who had come north from Mobile. They built and settled at Fort Tombecbee, near the modern-day town of Epes. In 1830, with the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the Choctaw Indians ceded the land that is now Sumter County to the government.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 913 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 9.4 square miles (24 km2) (1.0%) is water. It is intersected by the Noxubee River.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 29,937
1850 22,250 −25.7%
1860 24,035 8.0%
1870 24,109 0.3%
1880 28,728 19.2%
1890 29,574 2.9%
1900 32,710 10.6%
1910 28,699 −12.3%
1920 25,569 −10.9%
1930 26,929 5.3%
1940 27,321 1.5%
1950 23,610 −13.6%
1960 20,041 −15.1%
1970 16,974 −15.3%
1980 16,908 −0.4%
1990 16,174 −4.3%
2000 14,798 −8.5%
2010 13,763 −7.0%
Est. 2015 13,103 −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,763 people residing in the county. 75.0% were Black or African American, 24.2% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.3% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,798 people, 5,708 households, and 3,664 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 6,953 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 25.92% White, 73.17% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Nearly 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,708 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.70% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. Nearly 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55, and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,911, and the median income for a family was $23,176. Males had a median income of $28,059 versus $17,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,491. About 32.90% of families and 38.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.40% of those under age 18 and 36.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Places of interest

Sumter County is home to the University of West Alabama Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition and the Coleman Center for the Arts. The historic Alamuchee-Bellamy Covered Bridge is also located on the University of West Alabama campus.

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