kids encyclopedia robot

Greene County, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Greene County
Greene County Courthouse in Eutaw
Greene County Courthouse in Eutaw
Map of Alabama highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded December 13, 1819
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Eutaw
Largest city Eutaw
Area
 • Total 660 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land 647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (30 km2)  1.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 7,730
 • Estimate 
(2021)
7,629 Decrease
 • Density 11.71/sq mi (4.52/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 7th
  • County Number 35 on Alabama Licence Plates

Greene County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,730, the least populous county in Alabama. Its county seat is Eutaw. It was named in honor of Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene of Rhode Island.

As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 81% African American, making it the fourth-most heavily black county by proportion in the United States, and the most black county among all counties located outside of the state of Mississippi.

History

Greene County was established on December 13, 1819. It is the least populated county in Alabama.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 660 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

In 1867, a chunk of the county and associated population was taken to form Hale County. This resulted in an apparent 40% loss in population between 1860 and 1870. In the 20th century, there were population losses after agricultural decline and the migration of rural workers to cities in other areas.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,554
1830 15,026 230.0%
1840 24,024 59.9%
1850 31,441 30.9%
1860 30,859 −1.9%
1870 18,399 −40.4%
1880 21,931 19.2%
1890 22,007 0.3%
1900 24,182 9.9%
1910 22,717 −6.1%
1920 18,133 −20.2%
1930 19,745 8.9%
1940 19,185 −2.8%
1950 16,482 −14.1%
1960 13,600 −17.5%
1970 10,650 −21.7%
1980 11,021 3.5%
1990 10,153 −7.9%
2000 9,974 −1.8%
2010 9,045 −9.3%
2020 7,730 −14.5%
2021 (est.) 7,629 −15.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

2020 census

Greene County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,285 16.62%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 6,227 80.56%
Native American 5 0.06%
Asian 7 0.09%
Other/Mixed 145 1.88%
Hispanic or Latino 61 0.79%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,730 people, 2,951 households, and 1,542 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 9,045 people living in the county. 81.5% were Black or African American, 17.4% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% of some other race and 0.5% of two or more races. 0.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

Communities

City

Towns

Unincorporated communities

kids search engine
Greene County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.