Tombigbee River facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsTombigbee River
Tombigbee and Alabama river basins
|State||Alabama and Mississippi|
|Main source||Confluence of Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway and Black Warrior River|
|River mouth||Mobile River, at Mobile, Alabama|
|Length||200 miles (320 km)|
The Tombigbee River is a tributary of the Mobile River, approximately 200 mi (325 km) long, in the U.S. states of Mississippi and Alabama. Together with the Alabama, it merges to form the short Mobile River before the latter empties into Mobile Bay on the Gulf of Mexico. The Tombigbee watershed encompasses much of the rural coastal plain of western Alabama and northeastern Mississippi, flowing generally southward. The river provides one of the principal routes of commercial navigation in the southern United States, as it is navigable along much of its length through locks and connected in its upper reaches to the Tennessee River via the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway.
The name "Tombigbee" comes from Choctaw /itumbi ikbi/, meaning "box maker, coffin maker", from /itumbi/, "box, coffin", and /ikbi/, "maker". The river formed the eastern boundary of the historical Choctaw lands, from the 17th century when they coalesced as a people, to the forced Indian Removal by the United States in the 1830s.
The river begins in northeastern Mississippi just south of the Pharr Mounds near the northern county line of Itawamba County, at what was once known as the source of the east fork of the river. Historically, the beginning of the river was in northern Monroe County at the confluence of Town Creek (also known as West Fork Tombigbee River) and the east fork of the river.
The river flows east through Aberdeen Lake near Aberdeen, and Columbus Lake near Columbus. It flows through Aliceville Lake on the Mississippi-Alabama border, then generally SSE across western Alabama in a highly meandering course, past Gainesville and Demopolis. There it is joined from the northeast by the Black Warrior River. South of Demopolis it flows generally south across southwestern Alabama (forming Sumter and Choctaw counties' borders with Marengo County). Past Jackson it joins the Alabama River from the north on the Mobile-Baldwin county line, approximately 30 mi (50 km) north of Mobile; this confluence forms the Mobile River.
After the completion of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in 1985, much of the middle course of the river in northeastern Mississippi was diverted into the new, straightened channel. Above Aberdeen Lake, the waterway flows alongside the original course of the river.
In addition to the Black Warrior, the river is joined by the Buttahatchee River from the east, north of Columbus, Mississippi. To the South of Columbus, Luxapalila Creek joins with the Tombigbee River, approximately 5.2 miles from downtown Columbus. Approximately 10 mi (15 km) north of Gainesville, it is joined from the north by the Sipsey River. At Gainesville, it is joined from the west by the Noxubee River.
The Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge is along the river in southwestern Alabama, approximately 20 mi (30 km) northwest of Jackson.
The upper reaches of the Tombigbee formed the homeland of the formidable Chickasaw. The French official Bienville used the Tombigbee to travel with his forces in his 1736 campaign against the Chickasaw. In the nineteenth century, they were considered one of the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast, as they adopted some European-American ways. But Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, in order to remove the Native Americans and enable development by European Americans. The United States forced the Chickasaw west of the Mississippi to Indian Territory, extinguishing most of their claims to land in the Southeast.
Lock and dams
- John C. Stennis Lock & Dam is located at river mile 334.7
- Tom Bevill Lock & Dam is located at river mile 306.8
- Howell Heflin Lock & Dam is located at river mile 266.1
- Demopolis Lock & Dam is located at river mile 213.2
- Coffeeville Lock and Dam is located at river mile 116.6.
Tributaries that empty directly into the Tombigbee:
- West River
- Bassetts Creek (Washington County)
- Bassett Creek (Clarke County)
- Jackson Creek
- Santa Bogue Creek
- Turkey Creek
- Okatuppa Creek
- Oak Slush Creek
- Big Tallawampa Creek
- Bashi Creek
- Wahalak Creek
- Sucarbowa Creek
- Horse Creek
- Tuckabum Creek
- Beaver Creek
- Kinterbish Creek
- Chickasaw Bogue
- Cotohaga Creek
- Sucarnoochee River
- Spring Creek
- Hall Creek
- Black Warrior River
- Brush Creek
- Trussells Creek
- Noxubee River
- Sipsey River
- Lubbub Creek
- Big Creek
- Luxapallila Creek
- Buttahatchee River
- Tibbee Creek
- Town Creek
- Bull Mountain Creek
Pleasure boats, cruising America's Great Loop, use the waterway each year in the fall.
The river is closely associated with several steamboat disasters, including the Eliza Battle and James T. Staples.
Tombigbee River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.