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Gainesville, Alabama
Location of Gainesville in Sumter County, Alabama.
Location of Gainesville in Sumter County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Sumter
Area
 • Total 1.72 sq mi (4.45 km2)
 • Land 1.72 sq mi (4.45 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
128 ft (39 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 172
 • Density 100.06/sq mi (38.63/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35464
Area code(s) 205, 659
FIPS code 01-28768
GNIS feature ID 0157962

Gainesville is a town in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. Founded in 1832, it was incorporated in 1835. At the 2010 census the population was 208, down from 220. Confederate Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest surrendered his men near Gainesville on May 19, 1865, at the Civil War's end.

Geography

Gainesville is located at 32°49′2″N 88°9′29″W / 32.81722°N 88.15806°W / 32.81722; -88.15806 (32.817317, -88.158026).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,500
1880 960
1890 1,017 5.9%
1900 817 −19.7%
1910 532 −34.9%
1920 355 −33.3%
1930 329 −7.3%
1940 283 −14.0%
1950 319 12.7%
1960 214 −32.9%
1970 255 19.2%
1980 207 −18.8%
1990 449 116.9%
2000 220 −51.0%
2010 208 −5.5%
2020 172 −17.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 208 people living in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 82.2% Black, 16.3% White and 1.4% from two or more races.

As of the census of 2000, there were 220 people, 87 households, and 58 families living in the town. The population density was 128.3 people per square mile (49.7/km2). There were 122 housing units at an average density of 71.1 per square mile (27.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 22.73% White and 77.27% Black or African American.

Old Bank of Gainesville
The former Gainesville National Bank building (built 1838) on State Street.

There were 87 households, out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 32.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.3% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $10,938, and the median income for a family was $13,750. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,176. About 60.4% of families and 70.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 82.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 48.3% of those 65 or over.

Points of interest

House at Gainesville 01
The Moses Lewis House (Lewis-Long House) on Yankee Street. Lewis laid out the town and named it in honor of George Strother Gaines. The house is part of the Main–Yankee Street Historic District.

Gainesville has many historic sites that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, with many that predate the American Civil War. The historic districts include the Gainesville Historic District and Main–Yankee Street Historic District. Individual structures include Aduston Hall, the Coffin Shop, Colgin Hill, Gibbs House, Col. Green G. Mobley House, the Park and Bandstand, and Laura Watson House.

Notable people

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