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Long Beach, Mississippi
Nickname(s): 
The Friendly City
Location of Long Beach in Mississippi
Location of Long Beach in Mississippi
Long Beach, Mississippi is located in the United States
Long Beach, Mississippi
Long Beach, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Harrison
Founded
Incorporated

1905
Area
 • Total 10.65 sq mi (27.57 km2)
 • Land 10.26 sq mi (26.57 km2)
 • Water 0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
Elevation
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 14,792
 • Estimate 
(2019)
16,023
 • Density 1,562.15/sq mi (603.16/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39560
Area code(s) 228
FIPS code 28-41680
GNIS feature ID 0672794
Website City of Long Beach official website

Long Beach is a city (incorporated August 10, 1905) located in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States. It is part of the GulfportBiloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 14,792.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.4 square miles (26.9 km2), of which 10.0 square miles (25.9 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 3.74% is water.

Mississippi-Coast-towns-NOAA
Long Beach (map center) is east of Pass Christian and west of Gulfport, along the Gulf of Mexico

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,026
1920 980 −4.5%
1930 1,346 37.3%
1940 1,495 11.1%
1950 2,703 80.8%
1960 4,770 76.5%
1970 6,170 29.4%
1980 14,199 130.1%
1990 15,804 11.3%
2000 17,320 9.6%
2010 14,792 −14.6%
Est. 2019 16,023 8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Long Beach racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 12,860 76.64%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,528 9.11%
Native American 52 0.31%
Asian 476 2.84%
Pacific Islander 10 0.06%
Other/Mixed 1,005 5.99%
Hispanic or Latino 849 5.06%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 16,780 people, 6,545 households, and 4,243 families residing in the city.

History

The early 1900s

Long Beach began as an agricultural town, based around its radish industry. But on August 10, 1905, Long Beach incorporated and became another city on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. As the years went on, the city moved from its agricultural heritage and moved toward tourism with the beach and high-rise condominiums becoming increasingly popular.

"The Radish capital of the world"

Long Beach's early economy was based largely upon radishes. Logging initially drove the local economy, but when the area's virgin yellow pine forests became depleted, row crops were planted on the newly cleared land.

A productive truck farming town in the early 20th century, citizens of Long Beach proclaimed the city to be the "Radish Capital of the World". The city was especially known for its cultivation of the Long Red radish variety, a favorite beer hall staple in the northern US at the time. In 1921, a bumper crop resulted in the shipment of over 300 train loads of Long Beach's Long Red radishes to northern states.

Eventually, the Long Red radishes for which Long Beach was known fell into disfavor, and the rise of the common button radish caused a dramatic decline in the cultivation of this crop in the area.

Hurricane Katrina

Katrina LB
The impact of Hurricane Katrina on the Long Beach shoreline

Nineteen days following the city's centennial, Hurricane Katrina struck the city on August 29, 2005, destroying almost all buildings within 500 meters (1,600 ft) of the Gulf of Mexico shoreline. Many Long Beach residents were left homeless or living in water and or wind damaged houses.

The city of Long Beach, California, held a fund raiser to help its eponymous relative. The city of Peoria, Arizona, adopted Long Beach and provided both public and private resources. This resulted in a close relationship between the two communities.

Today

Today, the city is still recovering from Hurricane Katrina. Residents are returning as beaches and condominiums in the area are being repaired. However, the city has not seen a return of business to pre-Katrina levels due in part to building codes on the beach established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and Mississippi Emergency Management Agency and to the economic downturn.


Education

The city of Long Beach is served by the Long Beach School District. The district operates five campuses and has an enrollment of approximately 2,700 students. These campuses include Long Beach High School, Long Beach Middle School, Reeves Elementary School, Quarles Elementary School, and Harper McCaughan Elementary School, rebuilt in a new location after the previous school was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.

The Gulf Coast campus of the University of Southern Mississippi is located in Long Beach along Beach Boulevard. The Friendship Oak tree is located on the front lawn of the Southern Miss Gulf Park campus.

Notable people

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