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Longtown, Missouri
Longtown, Missouri from Highway 61
Longtown, Missouri from Highway 61
Location of Longtown, Missouri
Location of Longtown, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Perry
Township Union
 • Total 0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2)
 • Land 0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
646 ft (197 m)
 • Total 90
 • Density 800.00/sq mi (309.31/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-43940
GNIS feature ID 1699793

Longtown is a village in Union Township in Perry County, Missouri, United States. The population was 90 at the 2020 census.


Some of the earliest Europeans to put down roots in the area were English and Scotch-Irish Presbyterian settlers from Rowan, Iredell, Cabarrus, and Mecklenburg counties in North Carolina who settled to the south in Brazeau in 1817. Soon after, in 1821, they were followed by English and Scotch-Irish Methodists also hailing from North Carolina, settling in the present area of Longtown. Among the earliest families were the Abernathys, Farrars, and Rutledgers.

The settlement was initially known as the “Abernathy Settlement”, although at this point the settlement could not be considered an organized community, as the population lay scattered on farms in the surrounding area. Emil Urban and Oliver Abernathy were the first merchants in the settlement. By 1860 a core community had formed along the King’s Road (French: Le Chemin du Roi, Spanish: El Camino Real), known today as King’s Highway, but also known then as the Perryville-Jackson Road.

In April 1874 the town had been incorporated as "Longtown". Two theories abound to the origin of the name. One early explanation gives that the town was named after a German couple that immigrated to the area – Johann and Maria Lang (Lang being German for ‘long’). The other explanation given is that the town was named after John Long, one of the earlier settlers. The first mayor was Velentine Bergmann. A post office was established in 1883 (closing in 1966).

Up until 1881 the Protestant German population had been members of the Frieden (Peace) Lutheran Congregation in nearby Friedenberg. However, due to the dirt roads becoming impassable in wet seasons or freezing temperatures in winter, the need for a local church had grown. In 1882, Rev. A.G. Wetzel organized the Cross Congregation Lutheran Church, Ohio Synod, in the school house in Longtown with former members of the Peace Lutheran Congregation of Friedenberg who followed the distinctive teachings of the Ohio Synod. However, the church faced poor prospects because of limited membership.

Another Lutheran church - Zion Lutheran Church Missouri Synod - was established in 1897 with Rev. G.D. Hamm acting as the first pastor. The original Zion Lutheran church was built of wood, but by 1912 had been replaced by the present brick church.

By 1883, the members of Cross Lutheran church had been asked to leave the schoolhouse as the building belonged to "Longtowners". Rev. Wetzel moved to a different location, more north-east of Longtown and organized and built the Cross Lutheran Church, Ohio Synod. The small church only existed for 15 years from 1883 to 1898. Only the small Cross Cemetery remains along country road #316.

In the early part of the 20th century Longtown had a population of 158, with two churches, a public school, three general stores, a bank, a tavern and a flouring mill, and had largely remained a farming community. On April 20, 1936 the Hacker & Funke General Store and Barbershop had suffered severe fire damage. In 1946 the Friedenberg Parochial School consolidated with the Longtown Parochial School. In 1981 a fire completely destroyed the Wallace Hacker General Store.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2), all of it land.

Location of Nearby Communities

Nearby communities
Community with 41 inhabitants (2000)Rockwood (12.4 miles)
Community with 309 inhabitants (2000)Altenburg (10.6 miles)
Community with 11 inhabitants (2000)Biehle (5.8 miles)
Community with 192 inhabitants (2000)Frohna (8.6 miles)
Community with 202 inhabitants (2000)Oak Ridge (11.9 miles)
Community with 82 inhabitants (2000)Old Appleton (6 miles)
Community with 7667 inhabitants (2000)Perryville (6.1 miles)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 108
1910 158 46.3%
1920 162 2.5%
1930 150 −7.4%
1940 138 −8.0%
1950 139 0.7%
1960 113 −18.7%
1970 113 0.0%
1980 121 7.1%
1990 107 −11.6%
2000 76 −29.0%
2010 102 34.2%
2020 90 −11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census 2020

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 102 people, 39 households, and 30 families residing in the village. The population density was 784.6 inhabitants per square mile (302.9/km2). There were 47 housing units at an average density of 361.5 per square mile (139.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.02% White and 0.98% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 39 households, of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.4% were married couples living together, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.1% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the village was 36.7 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.


See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Longtown (Misuri) para niños

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