kids encyclopedia robot

Lothar de Maizière facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Lothar de Maizière
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0318-046, Berlin, Volkskammerwahl, Lothar de Maizière.jpg
de Maizière in the aftermath of the Volkskammer election
Minister for Special Affairs
In office
3 October 1990 – 17 December 1990
Serving with Rudolf Seiters, Hans Klein, Sabine Bergmann-Pohl, Günther Krause, Rainer Ortleb, Hansjoachim Walther
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Minister-President of East Germany
In office
12 April 1990 – 2 October 1990
Head of state Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (interim)
Deputy Peter-Michael Diestel
Preceded by Hans Modrow (as Chairman of the Council of Ministers)
Succeeded by Helmut Kohl (as Chancellor of Germany)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
20 August 1990 – 2 October 1990
Minister-President himself
Preceded by Markus Meckel
Succeeded by Position abolished
Personal details
Born (1940-03-02) 2 March 1940 (age 84)
Nordhausen, Province of Saxony, Free State of Prussia, Nazi Germany
(now Thuringia, Germany)
Political party Christian Democratic Union (1990–present)
Other political
Christian Democratic Union (East Germany) (1956–1990)
Children 3
Residence Berlin
Alma mater Hochschule für Musik Hanns Eisler Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Politician
  • Lawyer
  • Musician
Leader of East Germany
  • Modrow
  • None (last holder)

Lothar de Maizière (German pronunciation: [də mɛˈzi̯ɛːɐ̯]; born 2 March 1940) is a German Christian Democratic politician. In 1990, he served as the head of the first and only democratically elected government of East Germany, holding this office during the final months before German reunification. Subsequently he briefly served as a minister in the new government of the unified Federal Republic of Germany.

Family background

Maizière belongs to a family which takes its name from Maizières-lès-Metz who, as Huguenots, fled France for asylum in Prussia in the late 17th century; the Maizière family attended French-language schools and Huguenot churches in Berlin until the beginning of the 20th century. He is a son of the lawyer Clement de Maizière. His uncle Ulrich de Maizière was Inspector General of the Bundeswehr (the West German Armed Forces). His cousin Thomas de Maizière was a close advisor to Former Chancellor Angela Merkel and served as the Federal Minister of the Interior from 17 December 2013 to 14 March 2018 in Merkel's third cabinet.

Early life and education

Lothar de Maizière was born in Nordhausen, Thuringia, and attended the ancient Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster, where he was one of the last pupils before the school closed in 1958. He next studied viola at the Hanns Eisler College of Music in East Berlin from 1959 to 1965. He played in the Berlin Symphony Orchestra before going on to study law (by distance learning, through the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) from 1969 to 1975.


A longtime member of the East German Christian Democratic Union, Maizière helped oust the party's pro-Communist leadership after the fall of the Berlin Wall. He was elected the party's chairman in November 1989. In the first—and as it turned out, only—free election held in East Germany, Maizière was elected to the Volkskammer. One month later, he succeeded Hans Modrow as Premier and held this position from 12 April until 2 October 1990, heading the de Maizière cabinet. He ran on a platform of speedy reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany (from 1949 to 1990, West Germany). As premier, Maizière signed the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany (the so-called "Two Plus Four Treaty"), which ended the four wartime allied powers' rights and responsibilities in Berlin and Germany, and which preceded German reunification. The treaty provided that it would be signed by the four allies and the two Germanies but ratified only by newly reunified Germany and the allies. In accordance with that treaty, East Germany ceased to exist on 3 October, and its territory was annexed by the Federal Republic.

After German reunification, he was appointed Minister for Special Affairs in the CDU government of chancellor Helmut Kohl, until his resignation on 17 December 1990 after it became known that he had worked for the East German Stasi (Stasi name: IM Czerni or IM Czerny).

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Lothar de Maizière para niños

kids search engine
Lothar de Maizière Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.