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Sabine Bergmann-Pohl
Bundesministerin a. D.
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl.jpg
Bergmann-Pohl in 1990
Head of state of the German Democratic Republic
In office
5 April 1990 – 2 October 1990
Minister-President Hans Modrow
Lothar de Maizière
Preceded by Manfred Gerlach (as Chairman of the State Council)
Succeeded by Richard von Weizsäcker (as President of Germany)
President of the Volkskammer
In office
5 April 1990 – 2 October 1990
Preceded by Günther Maleuda
Succeeded by Rita Süssmuth (as President of the Bundestag)
Minister for Special Affairs
In office
3 October 1990 – 18 January 1991
Serving with Rudolf Seiters, Hans Klein, Günther Krause, Lothar de Maizière, Rainer Ortleb, Hansjoachim Walther
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Parliamentary State Secretary in the Ministry of Health
In office
18 January 1991 – 26 October 1998
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Minister Gerda Hasselfeldt
Horst Seehofer
Preceded by Anton Pfeifer
Succeeded by Christa Nickels
Personal details
Sabine Schulz

(1946-04-20) 20 April 1946 (age 76)
Eisenach, Soviet occupation zone (now Germany)
Political party Christian Democratic Union (1990–)
Other political
Christian Democratic Union (East) (1981–1990)
Ulrich Pohl
(m. 1972⁠–⁠1979)
Jürgen Bergmann
(m. 1990)
Children 2
Residence(s) Berlin
Alma mater Humboldt University of Berlin (Dr. med.)
  • Politician
  • Physician
  • nonprofit CEO

Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (née Schulz; German: [zaˈbiːnə ˈbɛʁkman poːl]; born 20 April 1946) is a German doctor and politician. A member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU), she was president of the People's Chamber of East Germany from April to October 1990. During this time, she was also the interim head of state of East Germany, holding both posts until the state's merger into West Germany in October. She was the youngest, first female and last head of state of East Germany. After the reunification of Germany, she served in the government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, first as one of many Minister for Special Affairs appointed to provide representation for the last East German government in cabinet, then as Parliamentary State Secretary in the Ministry of Health for the remainder of Chancellor Kohl’s time in office.

Early life and education

She was born as Sabine Schulz in Eisenach, Thuringia. After leaving school in 1964, Bergmann-Pohl was initially not admitted to university and entered a two-year internship at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In 1966, she began to study medicine and graduated in 1972 with a diploma in medicine. From 1979, she worked as a lung specialist and in 1980 earned a medical doctorate.

From 1980 to 1985, she was medical director of the polyclinic department for lung diseases, and tuberculosis in Berlin-Friedrichshain. From 1985 to 1990, she was Medical Director at the District Office for lung diseases and tuberculosis in East Berlin.

Since 1990 Bergmann-Pohl has been the Patron of the General Disabled Persons in Germany (ABID eV) and since 2003 President of the Berlin Red Cross. Also since 2003 she has been a member of the Presidium of the International Federation and has been a vice president since 2007.

Personal life

Sabine Bergmann-Pohl was married to Ulrich Pohl from 1972 to 1979. They have two sons together. Since 1990 she is married to Jürgen Bergmann. She is a Protestant.


Parliamentary mandates
  • Member of the People's Chamber of the GDR (1990)
    • President of the People's Chamber (1990)
  • Member of the German Bundestag (1990–2002)


  • Frequency of a history and clinical findings of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in childhood, their relationship to lung function and determination of reference values for the ventilation and distribution parameters on Pneumotestgerät. Results of a school investigation. Dissertation Academy for Medical Training of East Berlin, 1981, Berlin-Karow, 1976.
  • Farewell without tears. Looking back at the year of the Unification. Recorded by Dietrich von Thadden. Ullstein, Berlin - Frankfurt/Main, 1991 ISBN: 3-550-07802-1
  • Sabine Bergmann-Pohl & Paul B. Wink (ed.): Panel Discussion 1953-1989: Germany on the way to unity and freedom on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the uprising in East Germany on 17 June 2003 at the Academy of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Berlin, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Berlin 2004 ISBN: 3-937731-00-8
  • Sabine Bergmann-Pohl & Wilhelm Staudacher (ed.): "The cry for freedom." The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Berlin 2007 ISBN: 978-3-939826-46-0
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