Allied Occupation Zones in Germany facts for kids
|Allied Occupation Zones in Germany|
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
|Capital||Berlin (de jure)|
|Political structure||Military occupation|
|•||UK zone||Field Marshal Montgomery|
|•||French zone||General Lattre de Tassigny|
|•||US zone||General Eisenhower|
|•||Soviet zone||Marshal Zhukov|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Surrender||May 8, 1945|
|•||Allied Control Council||July 5, 1945 1945|
|•||Saar protectorate||December 15, 1947|
|•||West Germany||23 May, 1949|
|•||East Germany||7 October, 1949 1949|
|•||Final Settlement¹||September 12, 1990|
|¹ German reunification took place on October 3, 1990.
They were occupied by the allied powers who defeated Germany (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States) and by France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period 1945-1949.
In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew in July 1945.
Images for kids
The Allied zones of occupation in post-war Germany, highlighting the Soviet zone (red), the inner German border (black line), and the zone from which American troops withdrew in July 1945 (purple). The provincial boundaries correspond largely to those of the pre-war states, before the creation of the present Länder (federal states).
French forces in front of the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin 1946
Allied Occupation Zones in Germany Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.