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Allied Occupation Zones in Germany facts for kids

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Allied-Administered Germany

Allied Occupation Zones in Germany
Flag of Germany
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
Status Military occupation
Capital Berlin (de jure)
Governors (1945)  
• UK zone
Field Marshal Montgomery
• French zone
General Lattre de Tassigny
• US zone
General Eisenhower
Historical era Cold War
• Surrender
May 8, 1945
• Allied Control Council
July 5, 1945 1945
• Saar protectorate
December 15, 1947
23 May, 1949
7 October, 1949 1949
September 12, 1990
ISO 3166 code DE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Reich
West Germany
Saar (protectorate)
East Germany
¹ German reunification took place on October 3, 1990.
Occupied Berlin.svg

The four sectors of Allied occupation in Berlin

After World War II Nazi Germany west of the Oder-Neisse line was divided into four occupation zones.

They were occupied by the allied powers who defeated Germany (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States) and by France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period 1945-1949.

In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew in July 1945.

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Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Ocupación aliada de Alemania para niños

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