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M. G. Ramachandran
MG Ramachandran 2017 stamp of India.jpg
M. G. Ramachandran commemorative stamp
3rd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In office
9 June 1980 – 24 December 1987
Governor
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by V. R. Nedunchezhiyan (Acting)
Constituency Madurai West (1980-1985)
Andipatti (1985-1987)
In office
30 June 1977 – 17 February 1980
Governor Prabhudas Patwari
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by President's rule
Constituency Aruppukottai
Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
In office
15 March 1971 – 24 December 1987
Chief Minister
Political Party Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Constituency Parangimalai
Member of Madras State Legislative Assembly
In office
6 March 1967 – 4 January 1971
Chief Minister C. N. Annadurai
Political Party Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Constituency Parangimalai
General Secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
17 October 1972 – 24 December 1987
Preceded by position established
Succeeded by V. R. Nedunchezhiyan
Treasurer of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
1969–1972
Party President M. Karunanidhi
General Secretary V. R. Nedunchezhiyan
President of the South Indian Artistes' Association
In office
1961–1963
Preceded by R. Nagendra Rao
Succeeded by S. S. Rajendran
In office
1957–1959
Preceded by N. S. Krishnan
Succeeded by Anjali Devi
Personal details
Born
Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran

(1917-01-17)17 January 1917
Kandy, Central Province, British Ceylon
(present-day Central, Sri Lanka)
Died 24 December 1987(1987-12-24) (aged 70)
Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
(present-day Chennai)
Cause of death Heart failure
Resting place MGR Memorial
Nationality Indian
Political party All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1972- 1987)
Other political
affiliations
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1953-1972),
Indian National Congress (1935-1945)
Spouse(s)
  • Thangamani
    (m. 1939; died 1942)

    Sadhanandavathi
    (m. 1942; died 1962)

    V. N. Janaki (m. 1963)
Relatives M. G. Chakrapani (brother)
Residence M.G.R Thottam
Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Profession
  • Film actor
  • producer
  • director
  • politician
  • philanthropist
Awards
Nickname(s) Puratchi Thalaivar

Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), popularly known as M. G. R., was an Indian politician and film actor who served as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for over nine years between 1977 and 1987. He was also a philanthropist and a humanitarian icon. In 1988, M.G.R. was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously.

In his youth, Ramachandran and his elder brother M. G. Chakrapani became members of a drama troupe to support their family. Influenced by Gandhian ideals, Ramachandran joined the Indian National Congress. After a few years of acting in plays, he made his film debut in the 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi in a supporting role. By the late 1940s, he graduated to the lead roles and for the next three decades dominated the Tamil film industry.

Ramachandran became a member of the C. N. Annadurai-led Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK party) and rapidly rose through its ranks, using his enormous popularity as a film star to build a large political base. In 1972, three years after Annadurai's death, he left the DMK, then led by M.Karunanidhi, Ramachandran's erstwhile friend and now rival, to form his own party—the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). Five years later, Ramachandran steered an AIADMK-led alliance to victory in the 1977 election, routing the DMK in the process. He became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, the first film actor to become a chief minister in India. Except for a six-month interregnum in 1980, when his government was overthrown by the Union government, he remained as chief minister till his death in 1987, leading the AIADMK to two more electoral triumphs in 1980 and 1984.

In October 1984, Ramachandran was diagnosed with kidney failure as a result of diabetes. He died on 24 December 1987 in his Ramavaram Gardens residence in Manapakkam after his prolonged illness. Ramachandran is regarded as a cultural icon in Tamil Nadu and is regarded as one of the most influential actors of Tamil cinema. His autobiography Naan Yaen Piranthaen (Why I was Born) was published in 2003.

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