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Magnolia, Mississippi
Location of Magnolia, Mississippi
Location of Magnolia, Mississippi
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Pike
 • Total 3.3 sq mi (8.5 km2)
 • Land 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 305 ft (93 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,420
 • Density 639.5/sq mi (246.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 39652
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-44680
GNIS feature ID 0673065

Magnolia is a city in Pike County, Mississippi. The population was 2,420 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pike County, which lies within the McComb, Mississippi Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Ansel H Prewitt (ca. 1870)
Ansel H. Prewett, founder of Magnolia, Mississippi, shown ca. 1870

Magnolia was founded in 1856 by Ansel H. Prewett, a local civic leader and cotton planter. Knowing that the approaching New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad (now the Illinois Central Railroad) would need a station for water and fuel, Prewett sold a right-of-way to the railroad company – for one dollar, according to legend – and divided a section of his plantation into town lots, which he sold to investors. Prewett, while serving as temporary sheriff of Pike County, was killed by outlaws in the early 1870s escorting a prisoner on the very railroad that made Magnolia a viable community.

Magnolia grew rapidly in the 1860s, and in the late nineteenth century Magnolia served as a popular small-town resort for wealthy New Orleanians, who took trains north from New Orleans to enjoy Magnolia's fresh air and sparkling creeks. At one time early Magnolia boasted an opera house, skating rink, and several hotels that catered largely to these tourists.

In 1860 Magnolia's first newspaper, the "Grand Trunk Magnolian", was established by John Waddill. It did not last the war and was succeeded by the establishment of the "Magnolia Gazette" by J.D. Burke in 1872. The "Magnolia Herald" was established by Luke W. Conerly in 1875 and he continued as its proprietor and editor until 1878.


Magnolia is located at 31°8′57″N 90°27′41″W / 31.14917°N 90.46139°W / 31.14917; -90.46139 (31.149272, -90.461332).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), of which 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.52%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 567
1890 676 19.2%
1900 1,088 60.9%
1910 1,823 67.6%
1920 2,012 10.4%
1930 1,660 −17.5%
1940 2,125 28.0%
1950 1,984 −6.6%
1960 2,083 5.0%
1970 1,970 −5.4%
1980 2,461 24.9%
1990 2,245 −8.8%
2000 2,071 −7.8%
2010 2,420 16.9%
Est. 2015 2,371 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
Workers in Magnolia, Mississippi
Child laborers scattered throughout the Magnolia Cotton Mills spinning room, 1911. Photo by Lewis Hine.

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,071 people, 749 households, and 515 families residing in the city. The population density was 639.5 people per square mile (246.8/km²). There were 898 housing units at an average density of 277.3 per square mile (107.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.42% White, 53.84% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 749 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 24.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,190, and the median income for a family was $25,069. Males had a median income of $21,991 versus $18,839 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,426. About 18.0% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.




  • McComb-Pike County Airport


The City of Magnolia is served by the South Pike School District. The town has one public library. The nearest hospital is Beacham Memorial Hospital.


  • Percy Quin State Park
  • Homochitto National Forest


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Magnolia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

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