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Magnolia, Mississippi
Location of Magnolia, Mississippi
Location of Magnolia, Mississippi
Magnolia, Mississippi is located in the United States
Magnolia, Mississippi
Magnolia, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Pike
 • Total 6.19 sq mi (16.03 km2)
 • Land 6.14 sq mi (15.91 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
305 ft (93 m)
 • Total 2,420
 • Estimate 
 • Density 360.08/sq mi (139.04/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-44680
GNIS feature ID 0673065

Magnolia is a city in Pike County, Mississippi. The population was 2,420 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pike County, which lies within the McComb, Mississippi Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Ansel H Prewitt (ca. 1870)
Ansel H. Prewett, founder of Magnolia, Mississippi, shown ca. 1870

Magnolia was founded in 1856 by Ansel H. Prewett, a local civic leader and cotton planter. Knowing that the approaching New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad (now the Illinois Central Railroad) would need a station for water and fuel, Prewett sold a right-of-way to the railroad company – for one dollar, according to legend – and divided a section of his plantation into town lots, which he sold to investors. Prewett, while serving as temporary sheriff of Pike County, was killed by outlaws in the early 1870s escorting a prisoner on the very railroad that made Magnolia a viable community.

Magnolia grew rapidly in the 1860s, and in the late nineteenth century Magnolia served as a popular small-town resort for wealthy New Orleanians, who took trains north from New Orleans to enjoy Magnolia's fresh air and sparkling creeks. At one time early Magnolia boasted an opera house, skating rink, and several hotels that catered largely to these tourists.

In 1860 Magnolia's first newspaper, the "Grand Trunk Magnolian", was established by John Waddill. It did not last the war and was succeeded by the establishment of the "Magnolia Gazette" by J.D. Burke in 1872. The "Magnolia Herald" was established by Luke W. Conerly in 1875 and he continued as its proprietor and editor until 1878.


Magnolia is located at 31°8′57″N 90°27′41″W / 31.14917°N 90.46139°W / 31.14917; -90.46139 (31.149272, -90.461332).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), of which 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.52%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 567
1890 676 19.2%
1900 1,088 60.9%
1910 1,823 67.6%
1920 2,012 10.4%
1930 1,660 −17.5%
1940 2,125 28.0%
1950 1,984 −6.6%
1960 2,083 5.0%
1970 1,970 −5.4%
1980 2,461 24.9%
1990 2,245 −8.8%
2000 2,071 −7.8%
2010 2,420 16.9%
Est. 2019 2,212 −8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
Workers in Magnolia, Mississippi
Child laborers scattered throughout the Magnolia Cotton Mills spinning room, 1911. Photo by Lewis Hine.

2020 census

Magnolia Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 508 26.98%
Black or African American 1,276 67.76%
Native American 2 0.11%
Asian 5 0.27%
Other/Mixed 68 3.61%
Hispanic or Latino 24 1.27%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 1,883 people, 825 households, and 444 families residing in the city.




  • McComb-Pike County Airport


The City of Magnolia is served by the South Pike School District. The town has one public library. The nearest hospital is Beacham Memorial Hospital.



The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Magnolia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Notable people

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