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Melville, New York
Hamlet and census-designated place
One of four firehouses of the Melville Fire Department
One of four firehouses of the Melville Fire Department
Melville-ny-map.gif
Country United States
State New York
County Suffolk
Area
 • Total 12.1 sq mi (31.3 km2)
 • Land 12.1 sq mi (31.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 135 ft (41 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,985
 • Density 1,571.0/sq mi (606.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 11747, 11760, 11775
Area code(s) 631
FIPS code 36-46514
GNIS feature ID 0956931
SouthServieRoad495Melville
LIE Service Road at Exit 49S. The site of the future Canon USA headquarters is visible, as is smoke from a fire in Farmingdale.

Melville is an affluent hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Huntington in Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, in the United States. The population was 18,985 at the 2010 census.

Location

Melville lies directly east of the boundary with Nassau County. The Long Island Expressway (LIE) and Northern State Parkway, two of the country's busiest highways and major points of entry in and out of New York City, pass through Melville. Melville is located immediately off Exit 49 of the LIE. New York State Route 110 runs through the center of Melville.

History and characteristics

The area was known to the Native Americans as Sunsquams. In the 17th century it was known as Samuel Ketcham's Valley, named for a local resident. Afterwards it was known as Sweet Hollow. This name was replaced by Melville in school records in 1854. There is some debate as to the origin of the Melville name. It may be derived from the Latin for honey (the area had an abundance of honey bees, and this may have also been the origin of the previous Sweet Hollow name). It should also be noted that the author Herman Melville was being published around this time.

A Presbyterian church was built in Melville in 1829 at the corner of Old Country and Sweet Hollow Roads. In 1977 the church was moved 1 mile (1.6 km) to the west. The church was in continuous use until 1930. It reopened in 1944 for the funeral of Edward Baylis and has been in use since then.

In 1909 a trolley line to Huntington was established. This was an extension of the Huntington Trolley Spur and went as far south as Amityville and had a connection to Babylon. There were six fare zones, one of which was the Duryea Farm at Melville. The line was shut down a decade later after farmers complained that noise from the trolley frightened their animals. Buses provided transportation after the trolley line closed. The growing use of private cars also reduced demand for the trolley line.

In May 2011, construction commenced for the replacement of the Northern State Parkway bridge over Route 110. The original bridge was 63 years old. The project was budgeted for $56,000,000 and is expected to be completed in winter of 2013 and 2014.

Long Island's highest point is Jayne's Hill in the neighboring hamlet of West Hills, with an elevation of 387 feet (118 m) to 400.9 feet (122.2 m) above sea level.

Melville is also home to one of New York Senator and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer's nine home state offices.

Geography

Melville is located at 40°47′30″N 73°24′20″W / 40.79167°N 73.40556°W / 40.79167; -73.40556 (40.791593, −73.405439).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 12.1 square miles (31.3 km2), none of which is water.

Climate

Melville has a climate similar to most of the areas across Long Island. According to the Köppen climate classification, Melville is in a transition zone between a humid continental climate and a humid subtropical climate. Melville has hot sunny summers, and cool damp winters. Due to its location on the coast, it experiences relatively warmer winters than nearby inland locations at the same latitude, and cooler summers than nearby inland locations. Precipitation is distributed at a relatively even rate throughout the year.

Demographics of the CDP

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,533 people, 4,930 households, and 3,993 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,284.0 per square mile (495.7/km²). There were 5,141 housing units at an average density of 454.2/sq mi (175.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.93% White, 2.06% Black, 0.03% Native American, 5.42% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.72% of the population.

There were 4,930 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $132,527, and the median income for a family was $170,881. Males had a median income of $142,972 versus $115,495 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $125,053. About 3.0% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. The median house price in Melville as of 2007 is about $900,000.

Fire protection

The Melville community is protected by the Melville Volunteer Fire Department. Established in 1947, they are capable of handling all emergencies including any type of fire, heavy rescue (extrications), emergency ambulances, haz-mat and other related tasks. The fire department responds to more than 3,500 alarms in a year and provides protection 24hrs a day, 7 days a week, with an annual budget of $1.5 million.

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