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Midland County, Texas facts for kids

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Midland County
The Midland County Courthouse in Midland
The Midland County Courthouse in Midland
Official seal of Midland County
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Midland County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1885
Seat Midland
Largest city Midland
Area
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land 900 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2015)
 • Total 161,077
 • Density 152/sq mi (59/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 11th
Abandoned Midland County, TX, courthouse DSCN1183
Former Midland County courthouse marked for razing
Midland County Public Library, Midland, TX DSCN1211
Midland County Public Library in Midland

Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2015, the population was 161,077. The county seat is Midland. The county is so named as the county is halfway (midway) between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railway.

Midland County is included in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Midland–Odessa Combined Statistical Area.

History

In 1968, the county lost before the Supreme Court in Avery v. Midland County which required local districts to be nearly equal. The city of Midland had most of the county's population but only elected one of the five county commissioners, which was found to violate the Fourteenth Amendment.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.2%) is water. The Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, underlies much of the county.

Major highways

  • I-20
  • Bus. I-20
  • SH 137
  • SH 140
  • SH 158
  • SH 191
  • SH 349 (Nadine and Tom Craddick Highway)
  • Loop 40
  • Loop 250
  • Loop 268

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,033
1900 1,741 68.5%
1910 3,464 99.0%
1920 2,449 −29.3%
1930 8,005 226.9%
1940 11,721 46.4%
1950 25,785 120.0%
1960 67,717 162.6%
1970 65,433 −3.4%
1980 82,636 26.3%
1990 106,611 29.0%
2000 116,009 8.8%
2010 136,872 18.0%
Est. 2015 161,077 17.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 116,009 people, 42,745 households, and 30,947 families residing in the county. The population density was 129 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 48,060 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.32% White, 6.98% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.17% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. 29.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 42,745 households, out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.20% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,082, and the median income for a family was $47,269. Males had a median income of $36,924 versus $24,708 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,369. 12.90% of the population and 10.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 16.20% are under the age of 18 and 7.90% are 65 or older.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Chub
  • Cotton Flat
  • Greenwood
  • Spraberry
  • Terminal
  • Valley View
  • Warfield

Ghost towns

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