Monte Fitz Roy facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fitz Roy 2
Mount Fitz Roy
Fitzroy 2
Mount Fitz Roy
Cerro Fitzroy - Sunrise2
Mount Fitz Roy at sunrise

Monte Fitz Roy (also known as Cerro Chaltén, Cerro Fitz Roy, or simply Mount Fitz Roy) is a mountain near the village of El Chaltén, Argentina 49°17′S 73°05′W / 49.283°S 73.083°W / -49.283; -73.083. It is close to the border of Chile in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in Patagonia. The 3375 metre high mountain was first climbed in 1952 by French mountain climbers Lionel Terray and Guido Magnone. It is one of the most difficult mountains to climb on Earth. The clothing label, Patagonia, used Monte Fitz Roy as the idea for their logo, after Yvon Chouinard climbed the mountain in 1968 and made a movie about it.

Francisco Moreno first saw the mountain on 2 March 1877. He named it Fitz Roy, in honour of Robert Fitz Roy. Fitz Roy was captain of HMS Beagle and had travelled up the Santa Cruz River in 1834 and made maps of large parts of the Patagonian coast .

Cerro is a Spanish word meaning hill, while Chaltén ehuelc

Geology

Fitz Roy is a huge pyramid shaped granite monolith, carved by the winds, snow and ice. Fitz Roy is made of igneous rocks from deep in the Earth. When large tectonic plates collided about 100 million years, magma escaped between these plates and solidified between other rocks. The erosion of these rocks led to the formation of the mountain.

Plants and animals

There are no plants on the bare walls of the summit. In the steep foothills, below the summit there are forests of beech and vast plains of short vegetation adapted to extreme climatic conditions

Animals are very rare in the region of Fitz Roy. There are a few eagles and rabbits.

Geographical setting

It has been agreed by Argentina and Chile that their international border detours eastwards to pass over the main summit, but a large part of the border to the south of the summit, as far as Cerro Murallón, remains undefined. The mountain is the symbol of the Argentine Santa Cruz Province, which includes its representation on its coat of arms.

Gallery


Monte Fitz Roy Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.