Monticello, Florida facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Monticello, Florida
City
Monticello City Hall
Monticello City Hall
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Jefferson
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Land 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 233 ft (71 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,533
 • Density 745/sq mi (287.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32344-32345
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-46500
GNIS feature ID 0287080

Monticello is a city in Jefferson County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,533 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 2,572. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. The city is named after Monticello, the estate of the county's namesake, Thomas Jefferson.

Monticello is home to Indian mounds and many historic buildings, including the Perkins Opera House and Monticello Old Jail Museum.

Geography

Monticello is located at 30°32′41″N 83°52′02″W / 30.544612°N 83.867321°W / 30.544612; -83.867321.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all land. This is also where the highest confirmed recorded temperature in Florida occurred, at 109 °F.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 329
1860 1,083 229.2%
1870 1,052 −2.9%
1890 1,218
1900 1,076 −11.7%
1910 1,829 70.0%
1920 1,704 −6.8%
1930 1,901 11.6%
1940 2,042 7.4%
1950 2,264 10.9%
1960 2,490 10.0%
1970 2,473 −0.7%
1980 2,994 21.1%
1990 2,573 −14.1%
2000 2,533 −1.6%
2010 2,506 −1.1%
Est. 2015 2,411 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,533 people, 973 households, and 664 families residing in the city. The population density was 749.4 people per square mile (289.3/km²). There were 1,088 housing units at an average density of 321.9 per square mile (124.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.06% White, 50.85% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 973 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,720, and the median income for a family was $32,356. Males had a median income of $25,932 versus $21,760 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,522. About 18.5% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Monticello has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Monticello, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
31.1
(88)
33.3
(92)
39.4
(103)
41.1
(106)
42.8
(109)
40.6
(105)
38.9
(102)
40
(104)
37.8
(100)
34.4
(94)
31.7
(89)
-17.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.9
(66)
22.8
(73)
26.1
(79)
30
(86)
32.2
(90)
32.8
(91)
32.2
(90)
31.1
(88)
27.2
(81)
22.2
(72)
18.3
(65)
26.1
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
5.6
(42)
8.9
(48)
12.2
(54)
16.1
(61)
20
(68)
21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
19.4
(67)
13.3
(56)
8.3
(47)
5
(41)
12.8
(55)
Record low °C (°F) -15.6
(4)
-17.8
(0)
-7.8
(18)
-1.7
(29)
3.3
(38)
6.7
(44)
12.2
(54)
14.4
(58)
2.2
(36)
-2.2
(28)
-10.6
(13)
-13.9
(7)
-17.8
(0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 112
(4.4)
114
(4.5)
124
(4.9)
99
(3.9)
99
(3.9)
150
(5.9)
180
(7.1)
165
(6.5)
127
(5)
71
(2.8)
71
(2.8)
102
(4)
1,412
(55.6)
Source: Weatherbase

History and culture

Monticello has a historic 19th century opera house that still features regular musical performances, as well as theater productions and musicals. The first floor ballroom also holds receptions on a regular basis.

Historic sites

  • Bethel School
  • Christ Episcopal Church
  • Denham-Lacy House
  • Jefferson County Courthouse (Florida)
  • Letchworth Mounds
  • Lyndhurst Plantation
  • Monticello High School (Florida)
  • Monticello Historic District
  • Palmer House
  • Palmer-Perkins House
  • Perkins Opera House
  • Wirick-Simmons House
  • Monticello Old Jail Museum

Pronunciation

Unlike Thomas Jefferson's home in Virginia, the city in Florida is pronounced "mont-i-SEL-o," not "mont-i-CHEL-o."


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