Mull of Galloway facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsMull of Galloway
Mull of Galloway headland
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||112 mi (180 km)|
|• London||292 mi (470 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Fire||Dumfries and Galloway|
The Mull has one of the last remaining sections of natural coastal habitat on the Galloway coast and as such supports a wide variety of plant and animal species. It is now a nature reserve managed by the RSPB. Mull means rounded headland or promontory.
The Mull of Galloway Trail, one of Scotland's Great Trails, is a 59 km (37 mi) long-distance footpath that runs from the Mull of Galloway via Stranraer to Glenapp near Ballantrae, where the trail links with the Ayrshire Coastal Path.
|Lighthouse on the Mull of Galloway|
|Location||Mull of Galloway
|Year first constructed||1830|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, black lantern, ochre trim|
|Height||26 metres (85 ft)|
|Focal height||99 metres (325 ft)|
|Range||28 nautical miles (52 km; 32 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 20s.|
An active lighthouse is positioned at the point. Built in 1830 by engineer Robert Stevenson, the white-painted round tower is 26 metres (85 ft) high. The light is 99 metres (325 ft) above sea level and has a range of 28 nautical miles (52 km). The lighthouse and lighthouse keepers' houses are designated as a Category A listed building.
During World War II, on 8 June 1944 at 7.30 pm, a French member of the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), Cladius Echallier, died by striking the Lighthouse in a Beaufighter, while making a low landfall from the Irish Sea.
The lighthouse is now automatic, and an old outhouse has been converted into a visitor centre, run by the South Rhins Community Development Trust, a group of local people and businesses. In 2013 there was a community buyout and the Mull of Galloway Trust purchased land and buildings, with the exception of the tower, from Northern Lighthouse Board.
In 2004 a new café was built at the Mull of Galloway, called the "Gallie Craig". Its design incorporates into the landscape with a turf roof, giving views across to Northern Ireland and southwards to the Isle of Man.
Mull of Galloway Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.