kids encyclopedia robot

Mull of Galloway facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Mull of Galloway
Mull of Galloway 05-09-03 33.jpeg
Mull of Galloway headland
OS grid reference NX158303
• Edinburgh 112 mi (180 km)
• London 292 mi (470 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STRANRAER
Postcode district DG9
Dialling code 01776
Police Dumfries and Galloway
Fire Dumfries and Galloway
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
  • Dumfries and Galloway
Scottish Parliament
  • Galloway and West Dumfries
List of places
UK
Scotland
54°38′06″N 4°51′23″W / 54.635083°N 4.856336°W / 54.635083; -4.856336Coordinates: 54°38′06″N 4°51′23″W / 54.635083°N 4.856336°W / 54.635083; -4.856336

The Mull of Galloway (Scottish Gaelic: Maol nan Gall ) is the southernmost point of Scotland. It is situated in Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway, at the end of the Rhins of Galloway peninsula.

The Mull has one of the last remaining sections of natural coastal habitat on the Galloway coast and as such supports a wide variety of plant and animal species. It is now a nature reserve managed by the RSPB. Mull means rounded headland or promontory.

The Mull of Galloway Trail, one of Scotland's Great Trails, is a 59 km (37 mi) long-distance footpath that runs from the Mull of Galloway via Stranraer to Glenapp near Ballantrae, where the trail links with the Ayrshire Coastal Path.

Lighthouse

Mull of Galloway Lighthouse
Mull of Galloway Lighthouse 05-09-03 14.jpeg
Lighthouse on the Mull of Galloway
Location Mull of Galloway
Wigtownshire
Scotland
United Kingdom
Coordinates 54°38′06″N 4°51′27″W / 54.635005°N 4.857416°W / 54.635005; -4.857416
Year first constructed 1830
Automated 1988
Construction masonry tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, black lantern, ochre trim
Height 26 metres (85 ft)
Focal height 99 metres (325 ft)
Range 28 nautical miles (52 km; 32 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 20s.
Admiralty number A4610
NGA number 4816
ARLHS number SCO-144

An active lighthouse is positioned at the point. Built in 1830 by engineer Robert Stevenson, the white-painted round tower is 26 metres (85 ft) high. The light is 99 metres (325 ft) above sea level and has a range of 28 nautical miles (52 km). The lighthouse and lighthouse keepers' houses are designated as a Category A listed building.

During World War II, on 8 June 1944 at 7.30 pm, a French member of the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), Cladius Echallier, died by striking the Lighthouse in a Beaufighter, while making a low landfall from the Irish Sea.

The lighthouse is now automatic, and an old outhouse has been converted into a visitor centre, run by the South Rhins Community Development Trust, a group of local people and businesses. In 2013 there was a community buyout and the Mull of Galloway Trust purchased land and buildings, with the exception of the tower, from Northern Lighthouse Board.

In 2004 a new café was built at the Mull of Galloway, called the "Gallie Craig". Its design incorporates into the landscape with a turf roof, giving views across to Northern Ireland and southwards to the Isle of Man.

kids search engine
Mull of Galloway Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.