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Naval ship facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
HMS Invincible (R05)
HMS Invincible, a British aircraft carrier
USS Port Royal CG-73
USS Port Royal, an American cruiser
EGV Berlin
A Berlin-class replenishment ship of the German Navy
US Navy 040625-N-9769P-082 The Canadian destroyer HMCS Algonquin (DDG 283) is shown underway in close formation with the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) and the guided missile frigate USS Ford (FFG 54)
HMCS Algonquin, a Canadian destroyer
HMAS Darwin (FFG 04)
HMAS Darwin, an Australian frigate
Al-Fahaheel-(P3721)-130521-N-GZ984-197-crop
Al-Fahaheel, a La Combattante-class fast attack craft of the Kuwaiti Navy

A naval ship is a military ship (or sometimes boat, depending on classification) used by a navy.

Types of ships

  • Aircraft carrier – ships that are mobile seaborne airfields. They were designed for the purpose of doing combat by Carrier-based aircraft. They do attacks against airborne, surface, sub-surface and shore targets.
  • Surface combatant – big, heavily armed surface ships. They are designed mostly to engage enemy forces on the high seas, including various types of battleship, battlecruiser, cruiser, destroyer, frigate, and corvette.
  • Submarine – self-propelled sjips that go underwater. They can be combatant, auxiliary, or research and development vehicles which have at least a slight combat ability.
  • Patrol combatant – combatants whose mission may extend beyond coastal duties and whose characteristics include adequate endurance and sea keeping providing a capability for operations exceeding 48 hours on the high seas without support.
  • Amphibious warfare – ships having organic capability for amphibious assault and which have characteristics enabling long duration operations on the high seas.
  • Combat logistics – ships that have the capability to provide underway replenishment to fleet units.
  • Mine warfare – ships whose primary function is mine warfare on the high seas.
  • Coastal defense – ships whose primary function is coastal patrol and interdiction.
  • Sealift – ships that have the capability to provide direct material support to other deployed units operating far from home base.
  • Support – ships, such as oilers, designed to operate in the open ocean in a variety of sea states to provide general support to either combatant forces or shore based establishments. (Includes smaller auxiliaries which, by the nature of their duties, leave inshore waters).
  • Service type craft – navy-subordinated craft (including non-self-propelled) designed to provide general support to either combatant forces or shore-based establishments.

Size

In weight (largest to smallest), modern naval ships are often put into different groups (called classes). The bigger ships in the list can also be classed as capital ships:

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