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North Bethesda, Maryland
North Bethesda Market East Tower
North Bethesda Market East Tower
Location of North Bethesda, Maryland
Location of North Bethesda, Maryland
Boundaries of the North Bethesda CDP, as of 2003
Boundaries of the North Bethesda CDP, as of 2003
Coordinates: 39°2′12″N 77°7′13″W / 39.03667°N 77.12028°W / 39.03667; -77.12028Coordinates: 39°2′12″N 77°7′13″W / 39.03667°N 77.12028°W / 39.03667; -77.12028
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Montgomery
Area
 • Total 8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)
 • Land 8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
394 ft (120 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 50,094
 • Density 5,630/sq mi (2,178/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20814, 20817, 20851, 20852
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-56337
GNIS feature ID 1867297

North Bethesda is an unincorporated, census-designated place in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, located just north-west of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. It had a population of 50,094 as of the 2020 census. Among its 14 neighborhoods, the centrally-located, urbanizing district of White Flint is the commercial and residential hub of North Bethesda. The Pike & Rose development and the Pike District is an initiative of Montgomery County to brand and market this region as "North Bethesda's Urban Core". The WMATA White Flint metro station and Grosvenor-Strathmore metro station serve the region.

Four of the National Institutes of Health as well other federal agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, are headquartered in North Bethesda. A number of corporate headquarters are headquartered in North Bethesda, as well as nonprofits such as the American Kidney Fund, the Society of American Foresters and United States Pharmacopeia (USP).

The region is also known for a number of its long-standing institutions, such as the Neo-Georgian Mansion at Strathmore and the Georgetown Preparatory School. The Music Center at Strathmore is also located in North Bethesda.

Geography

As an unincorporated area four miles northwest of Washington, D.C., North Bethesda's boundaries are not officially defined. North Bethesda is, however, recognized by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place for statistical purposes, and by the United States Geological Survey as a populated place located at 39°2′12″N 77°7′13″W / 39.03667°N 77.12028°W / 39.03667; -77.12028 (39.036733, -77.120249).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the North Bethesda CDP has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2).

Significant through-roads in North Bethesda include Interstates 270 and 495 and Maryland State Highways 187 (Old Georgetown Road), 355 (Rockville Pike), and 547 (Strathmore Avenue). The Twinbrook, White Flint, and Grosvenor-Strathmore Washington Metro stations all serve the area, as does the Ride On bus system.

The far southern edge of the North Bethesda CDP was originally the country estate of the Grosvenor family, whose lineage includes Alexander Graham Bell and a former President of the National Geographic Society. That region continues to bear the family's name, and is the location of the headquarters of the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation. Also in the southern sector of the census designated area, located in the triangle between the two limbs of I-270 and I-495, is a business district that includes the corporate headquarters of Lockheed Martin, Coventry Healthcare, Host Marriott and Marriott International. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission, a government agency that oversees nuclear regulation and safety in the U.S., is also headquartered here. Major shopping centers include Congressional Plaza, Pike & Rose (formerly Mid-Pike Plaza), Montrose Crossing, Federal Plaza, and Wintergreen Plaza. White Flint Mall, demolished in 2016, was also a major shopping center.

Other landmarks in the area are Walter Johnson High School, the Georgetown Preparatory School, the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School, the Music Center at Strathmore, the Kennedy-Shriver Aquatic Center, The Jewish Community Center, and North Bethesda Market, the tallest building in Montgomery County, Maryland.

History

North Bethesda shares a common history with most of its Montgomery County neighbors. Archaeological evidence suggests that Paleo, Archaic, and Woodland Native Americans lived nearby, along the banks of the Potomac River. These peoples traveled along an ancient route known as the Seneca Trail (which is today approximately followed in North Bethesda by Old Georgetown Road). Like many ancient roads, the Seneca Trail followed a ridge line – in this case, the high ground between the Potomac River and Rock Creek. Much later, development would spring up along this route.

The recorded history of the area commences with the colonial era. Settlements formed along Rock Creek and the Seneca Trail in the 17th Century, with recorded land grants in this area known originally as “Dan” and “Leeke Forest.”

Uncle toms cabin1
The Riley plantation house and kitchen, located in the Tilden Woods neighborhood on Old Georgetown Road

In the early 19th century, much of the area was part of a 3,700-acre (15 km2) tobacco plantation owned by a slaveowning family with the surname of Riley. One of the Rileys' slaves, Josiah Henson, is thought by historians to be the inspiration for Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. In 1806, the Washington Turnpike Company was chartered to improve the old Seneca route, by then known as the Georgetown-Frederick Road. The road was opened in 1828, but had nearly washed away by 1848. The Riley plantation house was located on this road, and the plantation house's kitchen (in which Henson is known to have slept) still stands near the course of this road.

By the late 19th century, the area was privileged with stops along a train route, and by the early 20th century with its own trolley tracks on the line connecting Georgetown and Rockville (along current-day Fleming Avenue). During this time, development bloomed around train and trolley stops, and a number of wealthy families, including those of Captain James Frederick Oyster and Charles I. Corby (who developed methods that revolutionized the baking industry), lived or summered in the area. Nonetheless, the area remained sparsely populated through the 1920s.

The arrival of the automobile eventually transformed the area into a commuter suburb of Washington, D.C. By the 1950s, the area had sprouted a number of developer-conceived neighborhoods with tract houses for the middle-class.

Today, the area remains largely a commuter suburb, with most residents traveling an average of 29 minutes to their workplace. While some traditional neighborhoods remain, other areas have struggled with issues related to suburban sprawl. Like most other suburbs in Montgomery County, the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC) engages in master planning for all development. The White Flint Master Plan is designed to alleviate negative aspects of future high-density development in North Bethesda.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 22,671
1990 29,656 30.8%
2000 38,610 30.2%
2010 43,828 13.5%
2020 50,094 14.3%
source:
2010–2020

As of the census of 2000, there were 38,610 people, 17,286 households, and 9,662 families residing in the area. The population density was 4,281.5 people per square mile (1,652.7/km2). There were 18,071 housing units at an average density of 2,003.9/sq mi (773.5/km2). The racial makeup of the area was 77.24% White, 4.96% African American, 0.29% Native American, 11.97% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.53% of the population.

There were 17,286 households, out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the area, the population was spread out, with 17.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

According to survey conducted between 2005 and 2009, the median income for a household in the area was $87,324, and the median income for a family was $113,719. Males had a median income of $79,085 versus $61,793 for females. The per capita income for the area was $51,254. About 2.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Neighborhoods in North Bethesda

Neighborhoods within the North Bethesda CDP include the following:

  • Garrett Park Estates
  • Halpine
  • Old Georgetown Village
  • Luxmanor
  • Randolph Hills
  • The Crest of Wickford
  • Wildwood
  • Tilden Woods
  • Timberlawn
  • Old Farm
  • Walnut Woods
  • Chase Crossing
  • Grosvenor Park

Economy

The corporate headquarters of Lockheed Martin, Coventry Healthcare, Host Hotels & Resorts, Marriott International, and Total Wine & More are in North Bethesda. Four of the National Institutes of Health: the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences are also headquartered here. Several units of the United States Public Health Service have headquarters in North Bethesda: the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Indian Health Service, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps. Other government agencies based in North Bethesda include the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Nonprofits based in North Bethesda include the American Kidney Fund, the Society of American Foresters and United States Pharmacopeia (USP). Locally, the Marriott-operated Montgomery County Conference Center, located next to the White Flint metro station, hosts a number of large national conferences every year.

In 2018, the e-commerce giant Amazon named Montgomery County, Maryland as one of its top 20 cities considered in the final running for its second headquarter. White Flint was rumored to be the proposed site if it were to be selected. In late 2018, Amazon announced that the headquarter would be split into two locations in New York and Virginia.

White Flint Mall was for decades a major retail mall here while Pike & Rose nearby is a major new mixed-use development designated by local planning authorities as a dense hub of offices, retail, hotels, residential and entertainment for the area.

Education

Walter johnson hs 20200812 094105 1 crop16x9
Walter Johnson High School

Montgomery County Public Schools serves North Bethesda. Public schools include:

  • Garrett Park Elementary School
  • Luxmanor Elementary School
  • Tilden Middle School
  • Walter Johnson High School
  • Charles W. Woodward High School (to reopen circa 2025)

Catholic schools (under the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington) include:

  • Academy of the Holy Cross
  • Holy Cross School - Established in 1961

Other private schools in the CDP include:

  • Georgetown Preparatory School
  • Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School has two campuses
  • Green Acres School (K-8)
  • Montrose Christian School formerly operated in North Bethesda CDP.

The Washington Japanese Language School (WJLS, ワシントン日本語学校 Washington Nihongo Gakkō), a supplementary weekend Japanese school, has its school office at Quinn Hall of the Holy Cross Church in North Bethesda, adjacent to Garrett Park. The WJLS holds its classes in Bethesda. The institution, giving supplemental education to Japanese-speaking children in the Washington DC area, was founded in 1958, making it the oldest Japanese government-sponsored supplementary school in the U.S. It previously held classes at Holy Cross Church Elementary and Georgetown Preparatory School in North Bethesda.

The French International School, Lycee Rochambeau, is also located near the region.

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