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Oban

Pā nui o Hau (Māori)
Town
Oban
Overlooking Oban and Halfmoon Bay
Overlooking Oban and Halfmoon Bay
Country New Zealand
Region Southland
District Southland District
Ward Stewart Island/Rakiura Ward
Area
 • Total 2.59 km2 (1.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2018 Census)
 • Total 300
 • Density 116/km2 (300/sq mi)

Oban is the principal settlement on Stewart Island / Rakiura, the southernmost inhabited island of the New Zealand archipelago. Oban is located on Halfmoon Bay (sometimes used as an alternative name for the town), on Paterson Inlet. It has aircraft connections with Invercargill and a ferry service to Bluff.

The settlement was named after Oban in Scotland, (An t-Òban in Scottish Gaelic, meaning The Little Bay), due to the strong influence Scottish settlers had in the south of early colonial New Zealand.

The island has received a moderate boost of commerce and some millions in government funding since tourism increased markedly after the opening of the Rakiura National Park.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as oceanic (Cfb).

Climate data for Oban (1975−2015, Rainfall 1917−2015)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.5
(83.3)
26.5
(79.7)
29.0
(84.2)
19.8
(67.6)
17.5
(63.5)
16.0
(60.8)
17.1
(62.8)
21.3
(70.3)
23.9
(75)
26.5
(79.7)
27.2
(81)
29.0
(84.2)
Average high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
17.1
(62.8)
15.9
(60.6)
14.2
(57.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.9
(49.8)
10.7
(51.3)
12.2
(54)
13.4
(56.1)
14.6
(58.3)
16.1
(61)
13.6
(56.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
13.3
(55.9)
12.1
(53.8)
10.6
(51.1)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
6.3
(43.3)
7.0
(44.6)
8.4
(47.1)
9.5
(49.1)
10.8
(51.4)
12.4
(54.3)
9.9
(49.8)
Average low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
9.4
(48.9)
8.3
(46.9)
7.0
(44.6)
5.5
(41.9)
3.4
(38.1)
2.7
(36.9)
3.5
(38.3)
4.5
(40.1)
5.7
(42.3)
7.0
(44.6)
8.6
(47.5)
6.2
(43.2)
Record low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
1.2
(34.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28)
−7.3
(18.9)
−6.0
(21)
−3.0
(27)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 133.9
(5.272)
109.8
(4.323)
128.2
(5.047)
132.1
(5.201)
139.9
(5.508)
136.9
(5.39)
113.3
(4.461)
106.2
(4.181)
120.9
(4.76)
134.1
(5.28)
132.4
(5.213)
116.4
(4.583)
1,489.6
(58.646)
Humidity 84.3 87.4 87.4 89.4 91.1 90.9 91.3 89.9 85.0 84.3 81.6 82.6 85.8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.3 13.6 15.4 16.0 17.9 17.8 17.0 16.5 16.0 17.0 17.0 16.1 195.5
Source: CliFlo


Demographics

Oban is defined by Statistics New Zealand as a rural settlement and covers 2.59 km2 (1.00 sq mi). It is part of the wider Stewart Island statistical area.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 291 —    
2013 273 −0.91%
2018 300 +1.90%

Oban had a population of 300 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 27 people (9.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 9 people (3.1%) since the 2006 census. There were 165 households. There were 156 males and 144 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.08 males per female, with 33 people (11.0%) aged under 15 years, 51 (17.0%) aged 15 to 29, 144 (48.0%) aged 30 to 64, and 69 (23.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 92.0% European/Pākehā, 19.0% Māori, 1.0% Pacific peoples, 1.0% Asian, and 1.0% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 65.0% had no religion, 26.0% were Christian, 1.0% were Buddhist and 3.0% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 66 (24.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 45 (16.9%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 150 (56.2%) people were employed full-time, 42 (15.7%) were part-time, and 3 (1.1%) were unemployed.

Education

Halfmoon Bay School / Te Kura o Rakiura caters for years 1 to 8 with a roll of 28 students as of July 2016. The school celebrated its centenary in 1974.

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