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Olney, Texas
Downtown Olney
Downtown Olney
Location of Olney, Texas
Location of Olney, Texas
Young County Olney.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Young
Incorporated (city) 1909
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Total 2.03 sq mi (5.25 km2)
 • Land 2.02 sq mi (5.24 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
1,184 ft (361 m)
 • Total 3,285
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,531.88/sq mi (591.43/km2)
Demonym(s) Olneyan
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 940
FIPS code 48-54000
GNIS feature ID 1364537

Olney is a city in Young County, Texas, United States. Its population was 3,285 in 2010.


Olney is located at 33°22′5″N 98°45′29″W / 33.36806°N 98.75806°W / 33.36806; -98.75806 (33.368181, -98.758012).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km²), all of it land. The Town Is 45 Miles From Wichita Falls

Olney Texas water tower
Olney water tower, mentioning the high school athletic mascot


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,095
1920 1,164 6.3%
1930 4,138 255.5%
1940 3,497 −15.5%
1950 3,765 7.7%
1960 3,872 2.8%
1970 3,624 −6.4%
1980 4,060 12.0%
1990 3,519 −13.3%
2000 3,396 −3.5%
2010 3,285 −3.3%
2019 (est.) 3,099 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 3,396 people, 1,405 households, and 896 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,654.8 people/s mi (639.6/km2). The 1,668 housing units averaged 812.8/sq mi (314.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.78% White, 2.47% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 4.62% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.43% of the population.

Out of the 1,405 households, 31.0% had children under 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were not families. About 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the age distribution was 25.9% under 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,991, and for a family was $29,274. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $16,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,723. About 18.3% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.8% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.

Olney Community Library & Arts Center

Located on the Olney school campus at 807 W. Hamilton.


Olney is the home of the One-Arm Dove Hunt.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Olney has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Olney is served by the Olney Independent School District.

The designated community college for most of Young County (including Olney ISD) is Ranger Junior College.

Notable people

  • Kyle Clifton, former National Football League (NFL) player
  • Jim Grisham, former NFL player
  • George D. Keathley, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Bob Lilly, "Mr. Cowboy", former Dallas Cowboy defensive tackle and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame
  • Bob Oliver, American football player
  • Frank Pollard, Baptist pastor and preacher on the former Baptist Hour radio broadcast and president of Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Johnny Vaught, legendary Ole Miss head coach, member of the College Football Hall of Fame
  • James Vick, UFC lightweight fighter

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Olney (Texas) para niños

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