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Orange City, Iowa
City
Sioux County Courthouse in Orange City
Sioux County Courthouse in Orange City
Location of Orange City, Iowa
Location of Orange City, Iowa
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Sioux
Incorporated February 29, 1884
Area
 • Total 3.94 sq mi (10.20 km2)
 • Land 3.94 sq mi (10.20 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,444 ft (440 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,004
 • Estimate (2012) 6,155
 • Density 1,523.9/sq mi (588.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51041
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-59475
GNIS feature ID 0459884

Orange City is a city in and the county seat of Sioux County, Iowa, United States. The population was 6,004 in the 2010 census, an increase from 5,582 in the 2000 census. Named after William of Orange, it is best known for its Dutch background, which it celebrates with an annual Tulip Festival for 3 days every May. Many of the city's buildings are faced with Dutch architectural fronts.

History and culture

Orange City was first called Holland and was later renamed in honor of Dutch royalty. The city was founded in 1870 by settlers from Pella, Iowa looking for cheaper and better land.

As the county seat of Sioux County, the city is the location of the Sioux County Courthouse, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Orange City is located at 43°0′20″N 96°3′32″W / 43.00556°N 96.05889°W / 43.00556; -96.05889 (43.005498, -96.058796).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.94 square miles (10.20 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 320
1890 1,246 289.4%
1900 1,457 16.9%
1910 1,374 −5.7%
1920 1,632 18.8%
1930 1,727 5.8%
1940 1,920 11.2%
1950 2,166 12.8%
1960 2,707 25.0%
1970 3,572 32.0%
1980 4,588 28.4%
1990 4,940 7.7%
2000 5,582 13.0%
2010 6,004 7.6%
Est. 2015 6,198 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,004 people, 1,905 households, and 1,405 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,523.9 inhabitants per square mile (588.4/km2). There were 2,004 housing units at an average density of 508.6 per square mile (196.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 3.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 1,905 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.2% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 29.1 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 22.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.3% were from 25 to 44; 20.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,582 people, 1,719 households, and 1,285 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,808.5 people per square mile (697.5/km²). There were 1,805 housing units at an average density of 584.8 per square mile (225.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.51% White, 0.50% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 1,719 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.

Age spread: 22.7% under the age of 18, 24.9% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,721, and the median income for a family was $49,076. Males had a median income of $33,965 versus $21,130 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,413. About 4.4% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

Orange City is traditionally a Dutch Reformed community with several congregations from the Christian Reformed Church of North America, United Reformed Churches in North America, and Reformed Church in America denominations. There are also congregations from the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, Southern Baptist Convention, Presbyterian Church in America, Episcopal, Christian and Missionary Alliance, and Evangelical Free Church of America denominations. A Catholic church is located in Alton, IA, 3 miles East of Orange City.

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