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Oxford, Ohio
City of Oxford
Buildings along High Street in uptown Oxford.
Buildings along High Street in uptown Oxford.
Location of Oxford in Butler County
Location of Oxford in Butler County
Oxford, Ohio is located in the United States
Oxford, Ohio
Oxford, Ohio
Location in the United States
Oxford, Ohio is located in Ohio
Oxford, Ohio
Oxford, Ohio
Location in Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Butler
Chartered 1809
Platted 1810
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 7.51 sq mi (19.45 km2)
 • Land 7.51 sq mi (19.45 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
928 ft (283 m)
 • Total 23,035
 • Density 3,067.24/sq mi (1,184.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-59234
GNIS feature ID 1044265

Oxford is a city in Butler County, Ohio, United States, in the southwestern portion of the state approximately 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Cincinnati and 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Dayton. It lies in Oxford Township, originally called the College Township. The population was 23,035 at the 2020 census. A college town, Oxford was founded as a home for Miami University. In 2014, Oxford was rated by Forbes as the "Best College Town" in the United States, based on a high percentage of students per capita and part-time jobs, and a low occurrence of brain-drain.


Miami University was chartered in 1809, and Oxford was laid out by James Heaton on March 29, 1810, by the Ohio General Assembly's order of February 6, 1810. It was established in Range 1 East, Town 5 North of the Congress Lands in the southeast quarter of Section 22, the southwest corner of Section 23, the northwest corner of Section 26, and the northeast corner of Section 27. The original village, consisting of 128 lots, was incorporated on February 23, 1830. Oxford was elevated to city status in 1971. Freedom Summer started with orientations at Western College for Women in June 1964. This event is commemorated near the Kumler Chapel on the Western campus, now a part of Miami University.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.68 square miles (17.30 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 258
1830 737 185.7%
1850 1,111
1860 1,839 65.5%
1870 1,738 −5.5%
1880 1,743 0.3%
1890 1,922 10.3%
1900 2,009 4.5%
1910 2,017 0.4%
1920 2,146 6.4%
1930 2,588 20.6%
1940 2,756 6.5%
1950 6,944 152.0%
1960 7,828 12.7%
1970 15,868 102.7%
1980 17,655 11.3%
1990 19,013 7.7%
2000 21,943 15.4%
2010 21,371 −2.6%
2020 23,035 7.8%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 21,371 people, 5,799 households, and 1,909 families living in the city. The population density was 3,199.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,235.3/km2). There were 6,622 housing units at an average density of 991.3 per square mile (382.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.6% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 5,799 households, of which 14.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 67.1% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 21.4 years. 6.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 67.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 10.9% were from 25 to 44; 8.8% were from 45 to 64; and 5.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

Fraternity headquarters

Oxford is home to the national offices of five Greek-letter organizations including the home office of the international business fraternity of Delta Sigma Pi, social sorority Delta Zeta and social fraternities Beta Theta Pi, Phi Delta Theta, and Phi Kappa Tau. All but Delta Sigma Pi were founded at Miami University.


Oxford holds an annual Summer Music Festival, where free concerts are offered at the Uptown Memorial Park on Thursdays in the summer. Many festivals and event occur throughout the year, including award winning festivals such as the annual Oxford Wine Festival and the Oxford Kinetics Festival. Uptown Oxford is known for its local shops, restaurants, and nightlife. Oxford is home to the Oxford Community Arts Center.


MacCracken Hall at dusk
MacCracken Hall on Miami University's campus.
  • Higher level academic institutions
    • Miami University
    • Western College for Women - operated from 1855 to 1974, and then merged with Miami University. The campus is home now to Miami's Western College Program.
  • Public Schools
    • Talawanda School District Oxford's Talawanda School District was listed as one of the top 100 public school systems in the country by Offspring Magazine, a Forbes publication (Sep/Oct 2000). Sixty-one of the 100 districts listed were college town districts. Offspring worked with using student score criteria, cost of living, academic performance and academic expenditures to develop a more complete overview of school districts. The article said these are districts that give you the most return for your housing/K-12 public school education dollar.
  • Private Schools

Oxford has a public library, a branch of the Lane Libraries.

Notable people

Pugh's Covered Bridge Oxforcd Ohio
Pugh's Covered Bridge or Black Bridge.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Oxford (Ohio) para niños

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