Patiala facts for kids

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Patiala
City
MotiBaghPalace.jpg
PATIALA,QILLA MUBARAK.jpg Dukh Nivaran 01.jpg
Phul Cinema.jpg
From upper left:.Moti Bagh Sandhu Saab di Palace Patiala now houses the National Institute of Sports Qila Mubarak, Gurdwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib, Shri Kali Devi Temple, Patiala and Art Deco Designed, Phul Theatre, Patiala
Country  India
State Punjab
District Patiala
Settled 1754
Founded by Baba Ala Singh
Named for Baba Ala Singh
Area
 • Total 131.25 sq mi (339.9 km2)
Elevation 1,150 ft (350 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 406,192
 • Density 3,094.80/sq mi (1,194.91/km2)
 • Metro 446,246
Demonym(s) Patialvi
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 147001
Telephone code Patiala: 91-(0)175, Rajpura: 91-(0)1762, Patran & Samana: 91-(0)1764, Nabha: 91-(0)1765 & Amloh: 91-(0)1768
ISO 3166 code IN-Pb
Vehicle registration PB-11

Patiala is a city in southeastern Punjab, northwestern India. It is the fourth largest city in the state and is the administrative capital of Patiala district. Patiala is located around the Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by Sidhu Jat chieftain 'Baba Ala Singh', who founded the royal dynasty of the Patiala State in 1763.

In popular culture, the city remains famous for its traditional PatialaShahi turban (a type of headgear), paranda (a tasselled tag for braiding hair), patiala salwar (a type of female trousers), jutti (a type of footwear) and Patiala peg (a measure of liquor).

Geography

Patiala is located at 30°19′N 76°24′E / 30.32°N 76.40°E / 30.32; 76.40. It has an average elevation of 250 metres (820 feet). During the short existence of PEPSU, Patiala served as its capital city.

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