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Patty Murray
Patty Murray, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Official portrait, 2013
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
Assumed office
January 3, 2023
Preceded by Patrick Leahy
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2023
Preceded by Patrick Leahy
Chair of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
In office
February 3, 2021 – January 3, 2023
Preceded by Lamar Alexander
Succeeded by Bernie Sanders
Senate Assistant Democratic Leader
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2023
Leader Chuck Schumer
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Ranking Member of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – February 3, 2021
Preceded by Lamar Alexander
Succeeded by Richard Burr
Secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2017
Leader Harry Reid
Preceded by Debbie Stabenow
Succeeded by Tammy Baldwin
Chair of the Senate Budget Committee
In office
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
Preceded by Kent Conrad
Succeeded by Mike Enzi
Chair of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Daniel Akaka
Succeeded by Bernie Sanders
Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013
Leader Harry Reid
Preceded by Bob Menendez
Succeeded by Michael Bennet
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Robert Torricelli
Succeeded by Jon Corzine
United States Senator
from Washington
Assumed office
January 3, 1993
Serving with Maria Cantwell
Preceded by Brock Adams
Member of the Washington Senate
from the 1st district
In office
January 9, 1989 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Bill Kiskaddon
Succeeded by Rosemary McAuliffe
Personal details
Patricia Lynn Johns

(1950-10-11) October 11, 1950 (age 73)
Bothell, Washington, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Rob Murray
(m. 1972)
Children 2
Education Washington State University (BA)
  • Politician
  • environmentalist
  • educator

Patricia Lynn Murray (née Johns; born October 11, 1950) is an American politician who has served as president pro tempore of the United States Senate since 2023 and the senior United States Senator from Washington since 1993. A member of the Democratic Party, Murray served in the Washington State Senate from 1989 to 1993. She was Washington's first female U.S. senator and is the first woman in American history to hold the position of president pro tempore. Murray is also the youngest senator to occupy the office of president pro tempore in more than five decades. As president pro tempore, Murray is third in the line of succession to the U.S. presidency.

Born and raised in Bothell, Washington, Murray graduated from Washington State University with a degree in physical education. She worked as a pre-school teacher and, later, as a parenting teacher at Shoreline Community College. A long-time advocate for environmental and education issues, Murray was elected to serve on her local school board in King County. She ran for the Washington State Senate in 1988, and defeated two-term incumbent Bill Kiskaddon. She served one term before launching a campaign for the United States Senate in 1992. She has been re-elected five times, most recently in 2022.

As a senator, Murray has been a part of party leadership since 2001, having served as chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, Democratic Conference secretary, and assistant Democratic leader. She currently chairs the Senate Appropriations Committee. Before assuming her current roles, Murray has previously chaired at various times, the Veterans' Affairs Committee, the Budget Committee, and the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. Murray garnered national attention in 2013, when she and Republican representative Paul Ryan announced that they had negotiated a two-year, bipartisan budget, known as the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013. Murray is currently the third-most senior senator, the most senior Senate Democrat, the longest serving woman to ever serve in the Senate, and the dean of Washington's congressional delegation.

Early life and education

One of seven children, Murray was born in Bothell, Washington, a daughter of David L. Johns and Beverly A. McLaughlin. Her mother was an accountant. Her father served in World War II and was awarded a Purple Heart. Her ancestry includes Welsh, Irish, Scottish, and French-Canadian. When she was a teenager, her family was forced to apply for welfare assistance when her father became disabled due to multiple sclerosis. He had been the manager of a five-and-ten store. Murray attended Saint Brendan Catholic School as a young child.

Murray received a Bachelor of Arts degree in physical education from Washington State University in 1972.

Early career

As a citizen-lobbyist for environmental and educational issues, Murray has said, a state representative once told her she could not make a difference because she was just a "mom in tennis shoes". The phrase stuck, and she later used it in her successful campaigns for Shoreline School District board of directors (1985–89), Washington State Senate (1989–93), and United States Senate (1993–present). Murray was successful in gathering grassroots support to strike down proposed preschool program budget cuts.

In 1988, Murray unseated two-term incumbent Republican state Senator Bill Kiskaddon.

U.S. Senate (1993–present)

Murray has served in the United States Senate since her election in 1992. For the 118th Congress in 2023, she was elected Senate president pro tempore; the office is usually held by the senior senator of the majority party, but Senator Dianne Feinstein (who was also elected in 1992, but took her seat a few months prior to Murray because she won a special election, rather than a regularly scheduled one) declined the post due to ailing health, leaving Murray the next in line for the position. Murray would ultimately become the most senior serving Democrat upon Feinstein's death in 2023. Murray is the first woman to hold the position. As president pro tempore of the Senate, she is currently third in the United States presidential line of succession. Murray is also the current chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee.

Murray is the first woman, and 33rd senator overall, to have cast 10,000 votes in the Senate, having reached the threshold on April 20, 2023.



..... Adams denied the allegations, but his popularity weakened considerably and he chose to retire rather than risk losing the seat for his party. Murray defeated Congressman Don Bonker for the Democratic nomination. In the general election she defeated Republican Congressman Rod Chandler, 54% to 46%, despite being outspent by a wide margin. Chandler seemed to have the upper hand in one of the debates until for some unknown reason he quoted the Roger Miller song "Dang Me." He was further damaged by the unpopularity of President George H. W. Bush in the Pacific Northwest.

1992 U.S. Senate primary in Washington
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray 318,455 28.32%
Republican Rod Chandler 228,083 20.28%
Democratic Don Bonker 208,321 18.52%
Republican Leo K. Thorsness 185,498 16.49%
Republican Tim Hill 128,232 11.40%
Democratic Gene D. Hart 15,894 1.41%
Democratic Marshall 11,659 1.04%
Washington Taxpayers William Cassius Goodloe 10,877 0.97%
Democratic Jeffery Brian Venezia 7,259 0.65%
Independent LaPriel C. Barnes 7,044 0.63%
Socialist Workers Mark Severs 3,309 0.29%
Total votes 1,124,631 100.00%
1992 United States Senate election in Washington
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray 1,197,973 53.99%
Republican Rod Chandler 1,020,829 46.01%
Total votes 2,218,802 100.0%
Democrat hold


In 1998, Murray faced Congresswoman Linda Smith, a staunch conservative and maverick who was one of nine House Republicans to vote against confirming U.S. House Speaker Newt Gingrich in early 1997, opposed gay rights and viewed homosexuality as a "morally unfit inclination." Murray heavily outspent her and was reelected, 58% to 42%.

1998 U.S. Senate primary in Washington
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray 479,009 45.86%
Republican Linda Smith 337,407 32.31%
Republican Chris Bayley 155,864 14.92%
Republican Warren E. Hanson 22,411 2.15%
Democratic Amundson Amundseon 10,905 1.04%
Republican John Marshall 9,662 0.93%
Reform Mike The Mover 6,596 0.63%
Democratic James Sherwood Stokes 5,989 0.57%
Democratic Harvey Vernier 3,882 0.37%
Socialist Workers Nan Bailey 3,709 0.36%
Reform Steve Thompson 3,371 0.32%
Democratic Robert Tilden Medley 3,350 0.32%
Democratic Charlie R. Jackson 2,234 0.21%
Total votes 1,044,389 100.00%
General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (Incumbent) 1,103,184 58.41%
Republican Linda Smith 785,377 41.59%
Total votes 1,888,561 100.00%
Democrat hold


In 2004, Murray faced Republican U.S. Representative George Nethercutt. Term limits became an issue in the campaign, as Democrats seized on Nethercutt's broken term-limits pledge that he had made when he unexpectedly unseated Speaker Tom Foley in 1994. Nethercutt was also hampered by his lack of name recognition in the more densely populated western part of the state, home to two-thirds of the state's population. Washington has not elected a senator from east of the Cascades since Miles Poindexter in 1916. Other important issues included national security and the war in Iraq. Nethercutt supported the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, while Murray opposed it. Nethercutt was a heavy underdog from the start and his campaign never gained much traction. Murray was reelected, 55% to 43%.

Democratic primary election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 709,477 92.20
Democratic Warren Hanson 46,487 6.04
Democratic Mohammad Said 13,526 1.76
General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 1,549,708 54.98
Republican George R. Nethercutt, Jr. 1,204,584 42.74
Libertarian J. Mills 34,055 1.21
Green Mark B. Wilson 30,304 1.08
Total votes 2,818,651 100.00%
Democrat hold


The 2010 election was the first Senate election to be held under the new blanket primary since Initiative 872 had passed in 2004. In the August 17 primary, Murray appeared on the ballot alongside four other Democratic candidates, six Republican candidates, a Reform Party candidate and three independent candidates. She received a plurality, 46%, and advanced to the general election along with her main Republican challenger, former state Senator and two-time gubernatorial nominee Dino Rossi, who received 33%. Leading up to the election, several prominent Washington State newspapers endorsed Murray. Rossi conceded the election to Murray on November 4, 2010, two days after election day. She won 52.08% of the vote to Rossi's 47.37%, Murray's smallest reelection margin to date.

Blanket primary election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 670,284 46.22
Republican Dino Rossi 483,305 33.33
Republican Clint Didier 185,034 12.76
Republican Paul Akers 37,231 2.57
Independent Skip Mercer 12,122 0.84
Democratic Charles Allen 11,525 0.79
Democratic Bob Burr 11,344 0.78
Republican Norma Gruber 9,162 0.63
Republican Michael Latimer 6,545 0.45
Democratic Mike the Mover 6,019 0.42
Democratic Goodspaceguy 4,718 0.33
Reform William Baker 4,593 0.32
Independent Mohammad Said 3,387 0.23
Independent Schalk Leonard 2,818 0.19
Republican William Chovil 2,039 0.14
Total votes 1,450,126 100
General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 1,314,930 52.08
Republican Dino Rossi 1,196,164 47.37
Write-in 13,939 0.55
Total votes 2,525,033 100.00%
Democrat hold


Murray ran for a fifth term in 2016. She faced three Democratic challengers in the August 2, 2016, primary election. In the general election, she faced King County Councilman Chris Vance. She defeated Vance, 59% to 41%.

Blanket primary election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 745,421 53.82%
Republican Chris Vance 381,004 27.51%
Republican Eric John Makus 57,825 4.18%
Democratic Phil Cornell 46,460 3.35%
Republican Scott Nazarino 41,542 3.00%
Libertarian Mike Luke 20,988 1.52%
Democratic Mohammad Said 13,362 0.96%
Independent Donna Rae Lands 11,472 0.83%
Independent Ted Cummings 11,028 0.80%
Independent Sam Wright 10,751 0.78%
Republican Uncle Mover 8,569 0.62%
Independent Jeremy Teuton 7,991 0.58%
Democratic Thor Amundson 7,906 0.57%
Independent Chuck Jackson 6,318 0.46%
Independent Pano Churchill 5,150 0.37%
Independent Zach Haller 5,092 0.37%
Independent Alex Tsimerman 4,117 0.30%
Total votes 1,384,996 100.00%
General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 1,913,979 58.83
Republican Chris Vance 1,329,338 40.86
Write-in 10,071 0.31
Total votes 3,253,388 100.00%
Democrat hold


On May 17, 2021, Murray announced she would run for reelection to a sixth term in 2022. Her only major opponent is Republican Tiffany Smiley, a nurse and veterans' affairs advocate.

Blanket primary election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Patty Murray (incumbent) 1,002,811 52.22%
Republican Tiffany Smiley 646,917 33.69%
Trump Republican Leon Lawson 59,134 3.08%
Republican John Guenther 55,426 2.89%
Democratic Ravin Pierre 22,172 1.15%
JFK Republican Dave Saulibio 19,341 1.01%
Independent Naz Paul 18,858 0.98%
Republican Bill Hirt 15,276 0.8%
Democratic Mohammad Hassan Said 13,995 0.73%
Socialist Workers Henry Clay Dennison 13,901 0.72%
Democratic Dr Pano Churchill 11,859 0.62%
Democratic Bryan Solstin 9,627 0.5%
Independent Charlie (Chuck) Jackson 8,604 0.45%
Independent Jon Butler 5,413 0.28%
Independent Thor Amundson 5,133 0.27%
No party preference Martin D. Hash 4,725 0.25%
No party preference Dan Phan Doan 3,049 0.16%
Democratic Sam Cusmir 2,688 0.14%
Write-in 1,511 0.08%
Total votes 100.00%

Committee assignments

Senator Murray at the podium, joined by (left to right), Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) and Sen. Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), launching an interactive website regarding the nomination of Judge John Roberts as the Chief Justice of the United States.

Murray's committee assignments for the 118th Congress are as follows:

Caucus memberships

  • Senate Oceans Caucus
  • Senate Aerospace Caucus
  • Afterschool Caucuses
  • Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus


On February 28, 2013, Murray introduced the Green Mountain Lookout Heritage Protection Act into the Senate. The bill would prevent the United States Forest Service from removing a building from the Glacier Peak Wilderness Area in the state of Washington unless the agency determines that the structure is unsafe for visitors. Murray argued that the bill should be passed in order to help the tourism industry in the area while protecting the lookout point in question. The bill would be "a very small step in what will be a very long recovery" and would "provide a glimmer of hope for the long-term recovery of this area", she said, referring to the area's recovery from the casualties and damage caused by the 2014 Oso mudslide. The bill passed both the House and the Senate.

Political positions


In March 2019, Murray was one of 38 senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue warning that dairy farmers "have continued to face market instability and are struggling to survive the fourth year of sustained low prices" and urging his department to "strongly encourage these farmers to consider the Dairy Margin Coverage program."

In June 2019, Murray and 18 other Democratic senators sent USDA Inspector General (IG) Phyllis K. Fong a letter requesting that the IG investigate USDA instances of retaliation and political decision-making and asserting that not to do so would mean these "actions could be perceived as a part of this administration’s broader pattern of not only discounting the value of federal employees, but suppressing, undermining, discounting, and wholesale ignoring scientific data produced by their own qualified scientists."

Environmental policy

In October 2017, Murray was one of 19 senators to sign a letter to Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Scott Pruitt questioning Pruitt's decision to repeal the Clean Power Plan, asserting that the repeal's proposal used "mathematical sleights of hand to overstate the costs of industry compliance with the 2015 Rule and understate the benefits that will be lost if the 2017 repeal is finalized", and that denying science and fabricating math would fail to "satisfy the requirements of the law, nor will it slow the increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, the inexorable rise in sea levels, or the other dire effects of global warming that our planet is already experiencing."

In February 2019, in response to reports of the EPA intending to decide against setting drinking water limits for perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) as part of an upcoming national strategy to manage the aforementioned class of chemicals, Murray was one of 20 senators to sign a letter to Acting EPA Administrator Andrew R. Wheeler calling on the EPA "to develop enforceable federal drinking water standards for PFOA and PFOS, as well as institute immediate actions to protect the public from contamination from additional per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)."

Federal budget

On December 10, 2013, Murray announced that she and Republican Representative Paul Ryan had reached a compromise agreement on a two-year, bipartisan budget bill, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013.

The deal was scheduled to be voted on first in the House and then the Senate. Some believed House Democrats would pass the deal as a way to reduce the sequester cuts, but the ranking Democrat on the House Budget Committee, Chris Van Hollen, said on December 12, 2013, that "members of his party are outraged that House Republicans are planning to adjourn without addressing unemployment benefits." Van Hollen said that "it is too early to say" whether a majority of House Democrats would vote for the budget bill. The deal was also unpopular with many conservatives.

Murray put the controversial intelligence ports-data project Global Trade Exchange into the Homeland Security budget.

Foreign relations

Central America

In April 2019, Murray was one of 34 senators to sign a letter to President Trump, encouraging him "to listen to members of your own Administration and reverse a decision that will damage our national security and aggravate conditions inside Central America", asserting that Trump had "consistently expressed a flawed understanding of U.S. foreign assistance" since becoming president, and that he was "personally undermining efforts to promote U.S. national security and economic prosperity" through preventing the use of Fiscal Year 2018 national security funding. The senators argued that foreign assistance to Central American countries created less migration to the U.S., citing the funding's helping to improve conditions in those countries.


Murray condemned the genocide of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, and called for a stronger response to the crisis.


In December 2010, Murray voted for the ratification of New START, a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the U.S. and the Russian Federation obliging both countries to have no more than 1,550 strategic warheads as well as 700 launchers deployed during the next seven years along with providing a continuation of on-site inspections that halted when START I expired the previous year. It was the first arms treaty with Russia in eight years.

In December 2018, after United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the Trump administration was suspending its obligations in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in 60 days in the event that Russia continued to violate the treaty, Murray was one of 26 senators to sign a letter expressing concern over the administration "now abandoning generations of bipartisan U.S. leadership around the paired goals of reducing the global role and number of nuclear weapons and ensuring strategic stability with America's nuclear-armed adversaries" and calling on Trump to continue arms negotiations.

Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

Manned Ground Vehicle briefing in D.C.
Major General Galen Jackman briefs Senator Patty Murray on the Manned Ground Vehicle program in Washington, D. C.

In October 2002, Murray was one of 21 Democrats in the Senate to vote against the War Authorization for invading Iraq.

In December 2002, speaking to students at Columbia River High School in Vancouver, Murray made a number of remarks about Osama bin Laden as she attempted to explain why the US had such problems winning hearts and minds in the Muslim world, and how bin Laden had garnered support among some in the Middle East. Among other things, she said that bin Laden has "been out in these countries for decades, building schools, building roads, building infrastructure, building daycare facilities, building health care facilities, and the people are extremely grateful. He's made their lives better. We have not done that." This attracted attention from political opponents, who argued that this was inaccurate and constituted support for bin Laden.

Health care

..... Her amendment required 60 votes to move forward, and all but three Republicans voted against the measure.

In December 2018, Murray was one of 42 senators to sign a letter to Trump administration officials Alex Azar, Seema Verma, and Steve Mnuchin, arguing that the administration was improperly using Section 1332 of the Affordable Care Act to authorize states to "increase health care costs for millions of consumers, while weakening protections for individuals with pre-existing conditions". The senators requested the administration withdraw the policy and "re-engage with stakeholders, states, and Congress".


In July 2019, Murray signed a letter to United States Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta that advocated that the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration initiate a full investigation into a complaint filed on May 20 by a group of Chicago-area employees of McDonald's that detailed workplace violence incidents, including interactions with customers such as customers throwing hot coffee and threatening employees with firearms. The senators argued that McDonald's could and must "do more to protect its employees, but employers will not take seriously their obligations to provide a safe workplace if OSHA does not enforce workers rights to a hazard-free workplace."

She then was among the 42 Democrats to vote unsuccessfully to include a $15 an hour minimum wage in the American Rescue Plan in March 2021.

LGBTQ rights


Beginning in 2016, in each meeting of congress, Murray and Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA) have reintroduced the Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act into the Senate and House. This bill, if passed, would prohibit, as an unfair and deceptive act or practice, commercial sexual orientation and gender identity conversion therapy.

Other positions

In May 2006, Murray, along with 38 of 44 Senate Democrats, voted in favor of the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006 (S. 2611). The bill includes provisions to improve border security, increases fines and other punishments for employers of illegal immigrants, and creates a guest worker program (which includes an almost doubling of the number of H-1B visas) and a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants already in the country. The bill, with support from some in the GOP leadership, passed 62-36.

Murray repeatedly cosponsored legislation to create the Wild Sky Wilderness area in the Washington Cascade Range. She eventually succeeded, with the bill signed by President George W. Bush on May 8, 2008. Murray has also supported legislation to increase the size of the Alpine Lakes Wilderness, also in the Washington Cascades.

On August 2, 2006, The New York Times wrote that, "In 1994, Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina was said to have engaged in excessive touching of his then-freshman colleague Patty Murray of Washington. The Seattle Post-Intelligencer reported that Murray asked for, and received, an apology. Through a spokeswoman, Murray declined to comment."

On January 30, 2008, Murray endorsed Hillary Clinton in the 2008 Democratic presidential primaries. One month later, the Washington Democratic caucus awarded two-thirds of its delegates to Barack Obama and one-third to Clinton. After Clinton's June 7 concession, Murray endorsed Obama.

On May 28, 2021, Murray abstained from voting on the creation of the January 6 commission. She cited a "personal family matter" for the abstention. Murray had expressed support for the commission and had talked about her experience on the day of the insurrection.


In August 2013, Murray was one of 23 Democratic senators to sign a letter to the Defense Department, warning of some payday lenders "offering predatory loan products to service members at exorbitant triple digit effective interest rates and loan products that do not include the additional protections envisioned by the law", and asserting that service members, along with their families, "deserve the strongest possible protections and swift action to ensure that all forms of credit offered to members of our armed forces are safe and sound".


Electoral history

Washington State Senate District 1 election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Patty Murray 22,948 53%
Republican Bill Kiskaddon (inc.) 20,480 47%
U.S. senator from Washington (Class III) results: 1992–2022
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1992 Patty Murray 1,197,973 54% Rod Chandler 1,020,829 46%
1998 Patty Murray 1,103,184 58% Linda Smith 785,377 42%
2004 Patty Murray 1,549,708 55% George Nethercutt 1,204,584 43% J. Mills Libertarian 34,055 1% Mark B. Wilson Green 30,304 1%
2010 Patty Murray 1,314,930 52% Dino Rossi 1,196,164 47%
2016 Patty Murray 1,913,979 59% Chris Vance 1,329,338 41%
2022 Patty Murray 1,741,827 57% Tiffany Smiley 1,299,322 43%

Personal life

Murray is married to Rob Murray and has two grown children: Sara and Randy. She lives on Whidbey Island.

See also

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