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Paul von Rennenkampf facts for kids

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Edler

Paul von Rennenkampf
Paul Rennenkampff.jpg
Rennenkampf in 1910
Commander of the Vilna Military District
In office
20 January [O.S. 7] 1913 – 19 July [O.S. 6] 1914
Monarch Nicholas II
Preceded by Fyodor Martson
Succeeded by Position abolished
Personal details
Born 29 April [O.S. 17] 1854
Konofer Manor, Konofer, Kreis Hapsal, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
(in present-day Konuvere, Rapla County, Estonia)
Died 1 April 1918(1918-04-01) (aged 63)
Taganrog, Russian SFSR
Resting place Taganrog Old Cemetery
Nationality Baltic German
Military service
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Branch/service Russian coa 1825.png Imperial Russian Army
Years of service 1870–1915
Rank 1904ic-p10r.png General of the Cavalry
Commands 36th Akhtyrka Dragoon Regiment
1st Separate Cavalry Brigade
Transbaikal Cossack Army
7th Siberian Army Corps
3rd Siberian Army Corps
3rd Army Corps
Vilna Military District (1913-1914)
1st Army
Battles/wars

Boxer Rebellion

  • Russian invasion of Manchuria

Russo-Japanese War

  • Battle of Liaoyang
  • Battle of Mukden

World War I

Paul Georg Edler (29 April 1854 – 1 April 1918), more commonly known as Paul von Rennenkampf in English, was a Baltic German nobleman, statesman and general of the Imperial Russian Army who commanded the 1st Army in the Invasion of East Prussia during the initial stage of the Eastern front of World War I. He also served as the last commander of the Vilna Military District.

Rennenkampf gained a reputation as an effective cavalry commander during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. Following service in the latter, he led the detachment that suppressed the Chita Republic during the 1905 Russian Revolution. This earned him further promotion, and by the outbreak of World War I Rennenkampf was commander of the Vilna Military District, whose forces were used to form the 1st Army under his command.

He led the 1st Army in the invasion of East Prussia and won an early victory at Gumbinnen in late August 1914, but was relieved of command after defeats at Tannenberg, the Masurian Lakes and Łódź, although he was later proved innocent for the mistakes made in the Battle at Łódź.

Rennenkampf was shot by the Bolsheviks in Taganrog during the Red Terror in 1918.

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