Paul von Rennenkampf facts for kids
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Paul von Rennenkampf
Rennenkampf in 1910
|Commander of the Vilna Military District|
20 January [O.S. 7] 1913 – 19 July [O.S. 6] 1914
|Preceded by||Fyodor Martson|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Born||29 April [O.S. 17] 1854
Konofer Manor, Konofer, Kreis Hapsal, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
(in present-day Konuvere, Rapla County, Estonia)
|Died||1 April 1918
Taganrog, Russian SFSR
|Resting place||Taganrog Old Cemetery|
|Branch/service||Imperial Russian Army|
|Years of service||1870–1915|
|Rank||General of the Cavalry|
|Commands||36th Akhtyrka Dragoon Regiment
1st Separate Cavalry Brigade
Transbaikal Cossack Army
7th Siberian Army Corps
3rd Siberian Army Corps
3rd Army Corps
Vilna Military District (1913-1914)
Paul Georg Edler (29 April 1854 – 1 April 1918), more commonly known as Paul von Rennenkampf in English, was a Baltic German nobleman, statesman and general of the Imperial Russian Army who commanded the 1st Army in the Invasion of East Prussia during the initial stage of the Eastern front of World War I. He also served as the last commander of the Vilna Military District.
Rennenkampf gained a reputation as an effective cavalry commander during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. Following service in the latter, he led the detachment that suppressed the Chita Republic during the 1905 Russian Revolution. This earned him further promotion, and by the outbreak of World War I Rennenkampf was commander of the Vilna Military District, whose forces were used to form the 1st Army under his command.
He led the 1st Army in the invasion of East Prussia and won an early victory at Gumbinnen in late August 1914, but was relieved of command after defeats at Tannenberg, the Masurian Lakes and Łódź, although he was later proved innocent for the mistakes made in the Battle at Łódź.
Rennenkampf was shot by the Bolsheviks in Taganrog during the Red Terror in 1918.
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Rennenkampff during the First World War, c. 1914
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