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Pleasanton, Texas
City
Giant oak tree in Downtown Pleasanton across from "Mr. Cowboy" sculpture
Giant oak tree in Downtown Pleasanton across from "Mr. Cowboy" sculpture
Location of Pleasanton, Texas
Location of Pleasanton, Texas
Atascosa Pleasanton.svg
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Atascosa
Area
 • Total 8.5 sq mi (22 km2)
 • Land 8.5 sq mi (22 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,934
 • Density 1,051/sq mi (405.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78064
Area code(s) 830
FIPS code 48-58280
GNIS feature ID 1375500

Pleasanton is a city in Atascosa County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,934 at the 2010 census. Pleasanton's official motto is "The City of Live Oaks and Friendly Folks." It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Pleasanton honors its cowboy heritage with the "Mr. Cowboy" sculpture in front of City Hall and across from the giant oak tree downtown. The roots of the cattle kingdom can be traced to Atascosa County in the 1860s, which calls itself "the birthplace of the cowboys." The sculpture is a gift of Ben and Mona Parker. The Longhorn Museum in east Pleasanton on Highway 97 contains artifacts and memorabilia of the cowboy years. The Cowboy Homecoming, begun in 1966, is an annual event held at the Atascosa River Park in Pleasanton.

History

Pleasanton was established in 1858 when conflicts with the Indians caused the settlers to move the location of the county seat from Amphion. The settlers chose the current town site because of its location at the mouth of Bonita Creek. John Bowen (died 1867), San Antonio's first Anglo-American postmaster, founded and named the town of Pleasanton after his good friend and fellow early Texas Settler John Pleasants.

At one time Pleasanton had two newspapers, the Pleasanton Picayune, which became the Pleasanton Express in 1909, and the Pleasanton Reporter. The county seat was relocated from Pleasanton to Jourdanton in 1910. Pleasanton was incorporated in 1917.

Along with San Antonio, Uvalde, Crystal City, Carrizo Springs, and Corpus Christi, Pleasanton was a major stop on the now-defunct San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad, which operated from 1909 until it was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad in 1956. The rail headquarters was located in a modern two-story depot in North Pleasanton beginning in 1913. However, headquarters closed in 1926, and later the SAU&G, or the Sausage Line as it was called, was merged into the Missouri Pacific. The headquarters depot has been razed, but an earlier depot in Pleasanton is displayed at the Longhorn Museum. The remaining San Antonio-to-Corpus Christi freight line is under the Union Pacific system.

In November 1957, the citizens of Pleasanton voted overwhelmingly to desegregate the public schools. This came some two months after the crisis at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas. Some three dozen African American pupils were then integrated into the Pleasanton school.

Geography and climate

Pleasanton is located at 28°58′1″N 98°29′6″W / 28.96694°N 98.485°W / 28.96694; -98.485 (28.966953, -98.484937), about 35 miles (56 km) south of downtown San Antonio, 110 miles (180 km) south-southwest of Austin and 110 miles (180 km) north by north-northwest of Corpus Christi.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), all land.

The average annual temperature of Pleasanton is 70 °F (21 °C). The mean temperature on January 1 is 50 °F (10 °C) and on June 1 is 78 °F (26 °C). Average annual precipitation is 26.1 inches (660 mm).

Most soils of Pleasanton are quite sandy at the surface but have a clay-rich subsoil which holds moisture. They belong to the Alfisol soil order. Common soil series in town are Nusil, Poth and Rhymes.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 206
1880 393 90.8%
1890 367 −6.6%
1920 1,036
1930 1,154 11.4%
1940 2,074 79.7%
1950 2,913 40.5%
1960 3,467 19.0%
1970 5,407 56.0%
1980 6,346 17.4%
1990 7,678 21.0%
2000 8,266 7.7%
2010 8,934 8.1%
Est. 2015 9,829 10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,266 people, 2,941 households, and 2,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.5 people per square mile (499.5/km²). There were 3,212 housing units at an average density of 502.6 per square mile (194.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.13% White, 0.98% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 15.34% from other races, and 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.15% of the population.

There were 2,941 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,644, and the median income for a family was $34,718. Males had a median income of $28,849 versus $20,144 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,878. About 16.8% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Part of the film The Sugarland Express was filmed around the intersection of 2nd Street and Commerce Street. Every year, Pleasanton hosts the "Cowboy Homecoming Festival", which commemorates the time when the cowboys driving cattle from South Texas to the rail heads up north would return home. This event takes place each October.

Entrance to Longhorn Museum in Pleasanton, TX IMG 2640
Entrance to Longhorn Museum on Texas State Highway 97 on the east side of Pleasanton

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