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Polish–Soviet War facts for kids

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Polish–Soviet War, Interwar Period
Part of The Russian Civil War
Polish-soviet war 1920 Polish defences near Milosna, August.jpg
Polish defenses at Miłosna, during the decisive battle of Warsaw, August 1920.
Date 1919–1921
Location
Result
Belligerents
 Russian SFSR
 Ukrainian SSR

Flag of Poland.svg Republic of Poland

Flag of Ukrainian People's Republic 1917.svg Ukrainian People's Republic
Commanders and leaders
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Leon Trotsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Tukhachevsky (Western Front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Joseph Stalin (Lviv/Lwów front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Alexander Ilyich Yegorov (Southwestern Front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Semyon Budyonny (1st Cavalry Army)
Flag of Poland.svg
Strength
From ~50,000 in early 1919 to almost 800,000 in summer 1920 From ~50,000 in early 1919 to ~738,000 in August 1920
Casualties and losses

estimated 60,000 killed
80,000 – 157,000 taken prisoner

(including rear-area personnel)
About 48,000 killed
113,518 wounded
51,351 taken prisoner
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Names of Polish Armed Forces mortal casualties
in period 1918 – 1920
totaling 47,055

The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was an armed conflict between Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine against the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic. It was for control of what is present day Ukraine and parts of present-day Belarus.

A formal peace treaty, the Peace of Riga, was signed on 18 March 1921. It divided the land between Poland and Soviet Russia. Much of the land given to Poland became part of the Soviet Union after World War II.

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