Pope Benedict XII facts

Benedict XII
Papacy began December 20, 1334
Papacy ended April 25, 1342
Predecessor Pope John XXII
Successor Pope Clement IV
Personal details
Birth name Jacques Fourier
Born c. 1280s
Saverdun, France
Died April 25, 1342(1342-04-25)
Avignon
Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XII (Latin: Benedictus Duodecimus; died April 25, 1342), born Jacques Fournier, was a French priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 198th Pope from 1334 to 1342.

He was the third of the seven popes who lived in Avignon in France.

Early life

Jacques Fournier is believed to have been born in Saverdun in the Comté de Foix near Toulouse.

He became a Cistercian monk; and he studied at the University of Paris.

In 1311, he was made Abbot of Fontfroide Abbey.

Bishop

In 1317, Fourier he was made bishop of Pamiers.

In 1327, he became Bishop of Mirepoix in the Ariège.

Cardinal

Pope John XXIII made Fourier a cardinal in 1327.

Pope

Cardinal Fourier was elected pope in 1335; and he chose to be called Benedict XII.

Pope Benedict was involved in Italian and European political disputes.

Benedict XII ordered the construction of the Palais des Papes in Avignon.

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