Pope Innocent IV facts

Innocent IV
Papacy began June 25, 1243
Papacy ended December 7, 1254
Predecessor Pope Celestine IV
Successor Pope Alexander IV
Personal details
Birth name Sinibaldo Fieschi
Born c. 1195
Genoa
Died 16 July December 7, 1254(1254-12-07)
Naples
Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius Quartus; c. 1195 – December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 181st Pope from June 25, 1243 until his death in 1254.

Early life

Fieschi was born in Genoa. The Fieschi were a noble family of Liguria.

His nephew will become Adrian V.

He studied at the universities of Parma and Bologna.

Cardinal

Pope Gregory IX made Fieschi a cardinal on September 18, 1227.

Pope

Cardinal Fieschi was elected pope on June 25, 1243. He chose the name Innocent IV. Ottobuono Fieschi was the pope's cardinal-nephew during this reign.

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes. The central problem of his papacy was a conflict with Frederick II, who was the Holy Roman Emperor.

In 1245, Pope Innocent called church leaders to the Council of Lyons in France.

Innocent granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red had was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.

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