Pope Innocent III facts

Innocent III
Papacy began 8 January 1198
Papacy ended 16 July 1216
Predecessor Celestine III
Successor Honorius III
Personal details
Birth name Lotario de' Conti di Segni
Born 1160 or 1161
Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Died 16 July 1216 (aged 54–55)
Perugia, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent III (Latin: Innocentius Tertius; 1160 or 1161 – 16 July 1216) was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 177th Pope from 1198 until his death in 1216.

Early life

Lotario di Conti was born at Anagni in central Italy. His father was Count Trasimund of Segni who was a member of the Conti family.

During the short reigns of Pope Lucius III, Pope Urban III, Pope Gregory VIII, and Pope Clement III, he served in the church bureaucracy.

Cardinal

In 1190, Clement III raised him to the rank of Cardinal.

Pope

Cardinal Segni was unanimously elected pope on January 8, 1198; and he took the name of Innocent III.

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes.

Pope Innocent promoted the theory that the spiritual power of the church was greater than than any king or emperor. Innocent was the first pope to form a Papal state.

Crusades

Innocent III was responsible for starting the Fourth Crusade, the Albigensian Crusade, and the Fifth Crusade.

Lateran Council

In 1215, Innocent brought together the church's bishops and cardinals in a meeting called the Fourth Lateran Council.

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