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Albigensian Crusade facts for kids

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Albigensian Crusade
Part of the Crusades
Le massacre des Albigeois.jpg
Massacre against the Albigensians by the Crusaders
Date July 1209 – 12 April 1229
Languedoc, France
Result Crusader victory


County of Aurenja
County of Provence-Forcalquier

County of Toulouse

  • Viscounty of Béziers and Albi
  • County de Valentinés
  • Lordship of Séverac

Marquisate of Provence
Béarn Viscounty of Béarn
County of Astarac
Crown of Aragon

  • Foix County of Foix
  • County of Comminges
  • Viscounty of Carcassonne
  • Lordship of Menèrba
  • Lordship of Tèrmes
  • Lordship of Cabaret
  • Lordship of Montsegúr
Exiled knights
Commanders and leaders
Casualties and losses
At least 200,000 to at most 1,000,000 Cathars killed
Considered by many historians to be an act of genocide against the Cathars, including the coiner of the word genocide himself Raphael Lemkin
Cartes Occitanie
Political map of Languedoc on the eve of the Albigensian Crusade

The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209–1229) was a 20-year military campaign. Pope Innocent III started it to eliminate the Cathar heresy in Languedoc and make the Roman Catholic Church supreme there again. The nobles of the Kingdom of France did most of the fighting, and it resulted in a reduction in the number of practicing Cathars. It also resulted in a realignment of Occitania, bringing it into the sphere of the French crown.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Cruzada albigense para niños

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