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Albigensian Crusade facts for kids

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Albigensian Crusade
Part of the Crusades
Le massacre des Albigeois.jpg
Massacre against the Albigensians by the Crusaders
Date July 1209 – 12 April 1229
Languedoc, France
Result Crusader victory

Red St George's Cross.svg Crusade

  • Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States
  • Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg Kingdom of France
    • Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg Duchy of Burgundy
    • Drapeau de la province de Bretagne (1532).svg Duchy of Brittany
    • Comtes de Nevers.svg County of Nevers
    • Arms of the House of Courtenay (undifferencied arms).svg County of Auxerre
    • Blason de la maison de Châtillon.svg County of Saint-Pol
    • Blason ville fr Donges (Loire-Atlantique).svg Viscounty of Donges
    • Blason Vicomté Limoges Comborn.svg Viscounty of Torèna
  • Royal Banner of England.svg English volunteers
  • Flag of Austria.svg Duchy of Austria
  • Bergischer Löwe.svg Duchy of Berg
  • Black St George's Cross.svg Electorate of Cologne
Blason ville fr Orange (Vaucluse).svg County of Aurenja
Drapeau de Provence « ancien ».svg County of Provence-Forcalquier

Meuble héraldique Croix clêchée vidée pommetée.svg Cathars
Flag of Occitania.svg County of Toulouse

  • ArmoiriesTrencavel.svg Viscounty of Béziers and Albi
  • Blason comte fr Valentinois.svg County de Valentinés
  • Blason famille fr deodat de caylus.svg Lordship of Séverac

Flag of Occitania.svg Marquisate of Provence
Template:Country data Béarn Viscounty of Béarn
Blason de l'Astarac.svg County of Astarac
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon

  • Template:Country data Foix County of Foix
  • Armoiries Comminges Ancien.svg County of Comminges
  • ArmoiriesTrencavel.svg Viscounty of Carcassonne
  • Blason Minerve 34.svg Lordship of Menèrba
  • Arms of Albret.svg Lordship of Tèrmes
  • Lordship of Cabaret
  • Lordship of Montsegúr
Exiled knights
Commanders and leaders
  • Armoiries seigneurs Montfort.svg Simon de Montfort 
  • Armoiries seigneurs Montfort.svg Amaury VI of Montfort
  • Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg Philip II of France
  • Flag of France (XII-XIII).svg Louis VIII of France
  • Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg Odo III of Burgundy
  • Drapeau de Provence « ancien ».svg Ramon Berenguer IV of Provence
  • Flag of Occitania.svg Balduin of Toulouse
  • Flag of Austria.svg Leopold VI of Austria
  • Bergischer Löwe.svg Adolf VI of Berg
  • Black St George's Cross.svg Engelbert II of Berg
Casualties and losses
At least 200,000 to at most 1,000,000 Cathars killed
Considered by many historians to be an act of genocide against the Cathars, including the coiner of the word genocide himself Raphael Lemkin
Cartes Occitanie
Political map of Languedoc on the eve of the Albigensian Crusade

The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209–1229) was a 20-year military campaign. Pope Innocent III started it to eliminate the Cathar heresy in Languedoc and make the Roman Catholic Church supreme there again. The nobles of the Kingdom of France did most of the fighting, and it resulted in a reduction in the number of practicing Cathars. It also resulted in a realignment of Occitania, bringing it into the sphere of the French crown.

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