Foix

Castle and city of foix.jpg
Castle and city of Foix
Coat of arms of Foix
Coat of arms
Administration
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Foix
Canton Foix-Ville
Intercommunality Pays de Foix
Mayor Norbert Meler (PS)
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 358–933 m (1,175–3,061 ft)
(avg. 646 m or 2,119 ft*)
Land area1 19.32 km2 (7.46 sq mi)
Population2 9,756  (2012)
 - Density 505/km2 (1,310/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 09122/ 09000
Website www.mairie-foix.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Foix (Occitan: Fois; Catalan: Foix) is a commune, the former capital of the County of Foix. Today it is the Préfecture of the Ariège department in southwestern France in the Midi-Pyrénées region.

It lies south of Toulouse, close to the border with Spain and Andorra. The city is only the second city of the department after Pamiers. It is the least populous capital of a department in all of France.

History

Foix france castle
Château des Comtes de Foix

The Romans built a fort on the rocky hill where the Château de Foix castle now overlooks the town. The town of Foix probably owes its origin to an oratory founded by Charlemagne, which afterwards became the Abbey of Saint Volusianus in 849. The current area of the department was part of the old County of Foix.

Geography

The city of Foix lies in the foothills of the Pyrénées mountains, in southern France. It is on the confluence of the Ariège and Arget rivers.

It has an area of 19.32 km2 (7.46 sq mi). Its average altitude is 646 m (2,119 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 380 m (1,250 ft).

Foix and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Foix

The city of Foix is at 83 km (52 mi) to the south of Toulouse. The commune of Foix is surrounded by the communes Arabaux, Cos, Crampagna, Ferrières-sur-Ariège, Ganac, Montgaillard, Pradières, Saint-Jean-de-Verges, Saint-Pierre-de-Rivière and Vernajoul.

Population

The city of Foix has a population, in 2012, of 9,756; its population density is of 505 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Foix are known, in French, as Fuxéens (women: Fuxéennes).

Sites of interest

  • The main historic building is the Castle of the Counts of Foix or, simply, Castle of Foix; it is on the top of a rocky hill that overlooks the city.
  • The old town, with narrow streets and houses of traditional architecture.
  • Saint-Volusien Abbey
  • The Villote (small town), in the Middle Ages, was a space outside the walls surrounding the city built in 1330.

Sister cities

Foix is twinned with:

Gallery

Related pages


Foix Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.