Bowen, Queensland facts for kids

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Bowen
Queensland
A collage of images of Bowen.jpg
Top: Playground at Bowen Foreshore, Middle left: Bowen Foreshore, Middle right: Walkway along Santa Barbara parade, Bottom left: Muller's Lagoon, Bottom right: Bowen Skatebowl
Population: 10,260
Postcode: 4805
Elevation: 5 m (16 ft)
Location:
LGA: Whitsunday Region
State District: Burdekin
Federal Division: Dawson
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
28.5 °C
83 °F
19.8 °C
68 °F
1,009.6 mm
39.7 in
Localities around Bowen:
Guthalungra Coral Sea Coral Sea
Bogie ' Gregory River
Bogie Lake Proserpine Mount Pluto

Bowen is a town and locality in the Whitsunday Region on the eastern coast of Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census, Bowen had a population of 10,260.

Geography

Bowen is located on the north-east coast, in North Queensland, Australia, at exactly twenty degrees south of the equator. The twentieth parallel crosses the main street. by road from Brisbane.

Bowen sits on a square peninsula, with the Coral Sea to the north, east, and south. To the south-east is Port Denison. On the western side, where the peninsula connects with the mainland, the Don River's alluvial plain provides fertile soil that supports a prosperous farming industry.

History

StateLibQld 1 86248 Bowen Turf Club, ca. 1910
Bowen Turf Club, ca. 1910

Discovery by Europeans

Captain James Cook named Cape Gloucester on his voyage of exploration up the Australian coast in 1770. This "cape" turned out to be an island, and Gloucester Island dominates the view from Bowen's eastern beaches. Behind the island is a bay that forms an excellent port, which the town came to be built around. This bay was eventually discovered in 1859 by Captain Henry Daniel Sinclair, in response to a reward offered by the colony of New South Wales for finding a port somewhere north of Rockhampton. Sinclair named Port Denison after the colonial governor of New South Wales, William Denison.

Establishment of the town

Two years later, Sinclair led one group of settlers by sea, and George Elphinstone Dalrymple led another party overland from Rockhampton. They met on 11 April 1861 at Port Denison and founded the town of Bowen on the next day, 13 April 1861. By this time, Queensland had separated from New South Wales, and the town was named after the first Queensland colonial governor, Sir George Bowen.

Port Denison Post Office opened on 1 April 1861 and was renamed Bowen by 1865.

Shipwrecks

In 1863, the new settlers discovered a sailor, James Morril, who had been shipwrecked 17 years previously just to the north of Bowen. Morril made his home in the new town, and his grave is still to be seen in the Bowen cemetery.

The coral reefs around Bowen have several shipwrecks, including the SS Gothenburg which sank in 1875 with a loss of more than 100 lives. Numerous relics of Bowen's history, from the Aboriginal past onwards, are on display at the Bowen Historical Society's museum.

Schools

Bowen State School opened in 1865. Between 1877 and 1922, it operated as two schools: Bowen Boys State School and Bowen Girls and Infants State School. A secondary department was added to Bowen State School in 1928. On 23 January 1961, the secondary department was replaced by Bowen State High School.

St Mary's School was opened on 1 September 1872. Merinda Provisional School opened in 1898 and became Merinda State School on 1 Jan 1909. Queens Beach State School opened on 25 November 1940.

World War 2

11 Sqn (AWM P01490002)
Catalina flying boats from No. 11 Squadron RAAF.

During World War 2 Bowen hosted an air force base, flying PBY Catalina flying boats to search for enemy ships and submarines. The concrete aprons and ramp are still present (2013), and silhouettes of two aircraft have been painted in.

Climate

The town is located in the dry tropics. It is noticeably drier than surrounding locations due to a rain shadow effect produced by the nearby Gloucester Island. Due to the town's latitude, the trade winds provide a pleasant breeze. The warmest month is January, with an average maximum temperature of 31 °C (88 °F). The coolest month is July, with an average maximum temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) and an average overnight minimum of 13 °C (57 °F).

Climate data for Bowen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.1
(100.6)
39.4
(102.9)
36.9
(98.4)
35.2
(95.4)
32.5
(90.5)
30.0
(86)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
36.0
(96.8)
35.7
(96.3)
35.0
(95)
38.1
(100.6)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
27.0
(80.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
27.4
(81.3)
29.2
(84.6)
30.4
(86.7)
31.3
(88.3)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
22.7
(72.9)
20.8
(69.4)
17.8
(64)
14.8
(58.6)
13.3
(55.9)
14.2
(57.6)
16.5
(61.7)
19.8
(67.6)
22.1
(71.8)
23.4
(74.1)
19.4
(66.9)
Record low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
18.4
(65.1)
16.5
(61.7)
10.0
(50)
6.9
(44.4)
4.0
(39.2)
4.2
(39.6)
3.2
(37.8)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52)
14.6
(58.3)
17.8
(64)
3.2
(37.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 176.5
(6.949)
228.1
(8.98)
121.1
(4.768)
58.6
(2.307)
43.6
(1.717)
23.4
(0.921)
20.4
(0.803)
22.2
(0.874)
11.0
(0.433)
12.5
(0.492)
53.7
(2.114)
143.3
(5.642)
914.4
(36)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 11.9 12.6 10.3 8.2 6.2 5.1 3.5 2.6 2.3 3.4 6.7 9.4 82.2
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Heritage listings

Bowen has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • Flemington Road: Flemington Road Cemetery
  • 6 Herbert Street: Bowen Harbour Board Building
  • 46 Herbert Street: Bowen Post Office
  • 29 Kennedy Street: Bowen State School
  • 30 Williams Street: Bowen Courthouse

Tourism

Big mango
The Big Mango, Bowen, Queensland.

Bowen is on a peninsula, with ocean on three sides. This gives eight beaches surrounding the town, namely Kings Beach, Queens Beach, Horseshoe Bay, Murrays Bay, Greys Bay, Rose Bay, and the Front Beach. There is also the clothing-optional Coral Bay. Kings Beach offers views of nearby Gloucester Island. On the western half of Queens Beach and all of Kings Beach, it is permitted to walk a dog without a leash.

The Big Mango, costing $90,000 to create, was erected in 2002 as a tourist attraction at the Bowen Tourist Information Centre. In February 2014, the 10-metre high, seven-tonne fibreglass structure was stolen in an overnight operation. The mango was found the next day and it was later revealed that the theft had been a publicity stunt.

Australia

In December 2006, it was announced that Bowen was chosen as a filming location for a third of the production of Australia, directed by Baz Luhrmann and starring Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman, portraying the look of Darwin. Bowen was chosen as a prospect due to the financing of $500,000 by the Queensland government. The production moved to Bowen on 14 May 2007.

When it was announced that Australia was to be filmed in Bowen, locals painted a large "Bowenwood" sign on an old water tank on top of a hill, in a parody of the world-famous Hollywood sign.

Sister cities


Bowen, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.