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North Salem, New York facts for kids

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North Salem
Town
Location of North Salem, New York
Location of North Salem, New York
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Area
 • Total 22.9 sq mi (59.2 km2)
 • Land 21.4 sq mi (55.5 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
Elevation 338 ft (103 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,104
 • Density 222.9/sq mi (86.22/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10560
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-53517
GNIS feature ID 0979292
Website North Salem Website
Balanced Rock, North Salem, NY
The Balanced Rock, a North Salem landmark

North Salem is a town in the northeast part of Westchester County, New York, United States. It is a suburb of New York City located approximately 50 miles north of Midtown Manhattan. The county ranks second for wealthiest counties in New York State and the seventh wealthiest county nationally. The population of North Salem was 5,104 at the 2010 census.

History

The Union Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.

Geography

The north town line is the border of Putnam County, New York; and the east town line is the border of Connecticut. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85 km2), of which 31.4 square miles (81 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 6.38%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,058
1820 1,480
1830 1,276 −13.8%
1840 1,161 −9.0%
1850 1,335 15.0%
1860 1,497 12.1%
1870 1,754 17.2%
1880 1,693 −3.5%
1890 1,730 2.2%
1900 1,133 −34.5%
1910 1,258 11.0%
1920 934 −25.8%
1930 1,128 20.8%
1940 1,194 5.9%
1950 1,622 35.8%
1960 2,345 44.6%
1970 3,828 63.2%
1980 4,569 19.4%
1990 4,725 3.4%
2000 5,173 9.5%
2010 5,104 −1.3%
Est. 2014 5,198 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

In 2011, the average income for a household in the town was $157,258, with an average net worth of $1,300,058. The median house value in 2009 was $772,817. The per capita income for the town was $59,403. About 1.5% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,173 people, 1,764 households, and 1,374 families residing in the town. The population density was 241.5 people per square mile (93.2/km²). There were 1,979 housing units at an average density of 92.4 per square mile (35.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.44% White, 0.75% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 1.12% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.65% of the population.

There were 1,764 households out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

Communities and locations in North Salem

  • Croton Falls – a hamlet in the northwest corner of the town with its own Metro-North station
  • Grants Corner – a hamlet southeast of North Salem
  • North Salem – a hamlet in the west part of the town. The North Salem Town Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.
  • Salem Center – a hamlet at the east end of Titicus Reservoir. The fictitious headquarters of the X-Men Marvel Comics superhero team is located in Salem Center.
  • Purdys – a hamlet south of Croton Falls with its own Metro-North station. The Joseph Purdy Homestead was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
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