RMS Olympic facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Olympic sea trials

RMS Olympic on her sea trials in Belfast in 1911
Career  United Kingdom
Name: Olympic
Owner:
  • White Star flag NEW.svg White Star Line 1911–1934
  • Cunard White Star Line Logo.JPG Cunard White Star Line 1934–1935
Port of registry: Liverpool, United Kingdom
Route: Southampton to New York City
Ordered: 1907
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast
Cost: $7.5 million (USD) ($195.1 million in 2018)
Yard number: 400
Laid down: 16 December 1908
Launched: 20 October 1910
Completed: 31 May 1911
Acquired: 31 May 1911
Maiden voyage: 14 June 1911
In service: 1911
Out of service: 1935
Identification:
  • Official Number 131346
  • Code Letters HSRP
  • ICS Hotel.svgICS Sierra.svgICS Romeo.svgICS Papa.svg
  • Radio callsign "MKC"
Fate: Retired at Southampton after 24 years service & scrapped. Superstructure dismantled at Jarrow, England, and the hull at Inverkeithing, Scotland.
Status: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Olympic-class ocean liner
Tonnage: 45,324 gross register tons; 46,358 after 1913; 46,439 after 1920
Displacement: 52,067 tons
Length: 882 ft 9 in (269.1 m)
Beam: 92 ft 9 in (28.3 m)
Height: 175 ft (53.4 m) (keel to top of funnels)
Draught: 34 ft 7 in (10.5 m)
Decks: 9 decks (8 for passengers and 1 for crew)
Installed power: 24 double-ended (six furnace) and 5 single-ended (three furnace) Scotch boilers. Two four-cylinder triple-expansion reciprocating engines each producing 15,000 hp for the two outboard wing propellers at 75 revolutions per minute. One low-pressure turbine producing 16,000 h. 59,000 hp produced at maximum revolutions.
Propulsion: Two bronze three-bladed wing propellers. One bronze four-bladed centre propeller.
Speed:
  • 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
  • 24.2 knots (45 km/h; 28 mph)
Capacity: 2,435 passengers
Crew: 950
Notes: First in a trio of Olympic-class ocean liners for White Star Line and the only one to have a successful career. Elder sister to RMS Titanic and HMHS Britannic.

RMS Olympic (/ʊˈlɪmpɪk/) was a British transatlantic crossing ocean liner, the lead ship of the White Star Line's trio of Olympic-class liners. Unlike the other ships in the class, Olympic had a long career spanning 24 years from 1911 to 1935. This included service as a troopship during the First World War, which gained her the nickname "Old Reliable". She returned to civilian service after the war and served successfully as an ocean liner throughout the 1920s and into the first half of the 1930s, although increased competition, and the slump in trade during the Great Depression after 1930, made her operation increasingly unprofitable.

Olympic was the largest ocean liner in the world for two periods during 1911–13, interrupted only by the brief tenure of the slightly larger Titanic (which had the same dimensions but higher gross tonnage owing to revised interior configurations), before she was then surpassed by SS Imperator. Olympic also retained the title of the largest British-built liner until RMS Queen Mary was launched in 1934, interrupted only by the short careers of her slightly larger sister ships.

The Olympic was withdrawn from service and sold for scrap in 1935; demolition was completed in 1937. Decorative elements of Olympic were removed and sold at auction before she was scrapped, and now adorn buildings and a cruise ship.

By contrast with Olympic, the other two ships in the class, Titanic and Britannic, did not have long service lives. Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic on her maiden voyage and sank, while Britannic struck a mine and sank in the Kea Channel in Greece in 1916. Britannic never served her intended role as a passenger ship.

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