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Republic, Missouri
City of Republic
Republic, Missouri.png
Flag of Republic, Missouri
Location of Republic, Missouri
Location of Republic, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Christian, Greene
Incorporated 1871
 • Total 15.53 sq mi (40.21 km2)
 • Land 15.53 sq mi (40.21 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,309 ft (399 m)
 • Total 18,750
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,091.01/sq mi (421.24/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-61238
GNIS feature ID 0725224
Website City Website

Republic is a city in Christian and Greene counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the city's population was 18,750. In 2019, its population was 16,938, making it the second largest city in Greene County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is part of the Springfield, Missouri, Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Early settlement in southwest Greene County centered on the community of Little York. When the Frisco Railroad built a line in the area in 1872, Little York was not on the route. Settlement moved two miles away to Brookline which was on the rail line's route. The first plat for what is now Republic was filed 8 January 1879. While the railroad did go through Republic, there initially was no switch or depot located in the city. A public subscription of $1000 raised the funds to build a depot in the city. Subsequent growth is attributed to the depot's completion.

In 2005, the cities of Republic and Brookline consolidated as Missouri State laws allow after a vote of the residents of both communities approved the consolidation with Republic taking over all aspects of city government. Originally, Brookline was to retain its own identity, but the city limit signs have since been changed to Republic's. However, according to Section I (b) of the Intergovernmental Agreement:

"Name of Consolidated Municipality - The name of the consolidated municipality shall be "City of Republic." To help preserve the identity of the Village, the City will place signs with text “Village of Brookline” at the current corporate limits of the Village. Placement of signage is subject to State sign regulations when placed in State right-of-way. The City of Republic will work with the United States Postal Service to help preserve the history and operation of the Brookline Station Post Office."

Therefore, Brookline has retained its identity per intergovernmental agreement although city limit signs have been placed at the old borders of the village. The Brookline signs are still located to identify the original village area near the post office.

The Elijah Teague Anderson House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.


Republic is located at 37°7′18″N 94°28′17″W / 37.12167°N 94.47139°W / 37.12167; -94.47139 (37.121652, -93.471440). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.31 square miles (34.47 km2), of which, 13.30 square miles (34.45 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. Most of the city lies in Greene County.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 81
1890 381 370.4%
1900 856 124.7%
1910 884 3.3%
1920 1,097 24.1%
1930 841 −23.3%
1940 790 −6.1%
1950 965 22.2%
1960 1,519 57.4%
1970 2,411 58.7%
1980 4,485 86.0%
1990 6,292 40.3%
2000 8,438 34.1%
2010 14,751 74.8%
2019 (est.) 16,938 14.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

July 1st 2018 Census Estimate (Latest)

As of the July 1st 2018 Census Estimate, there were 16,510 people living in the city. The population density was 1,109.5 inhabitants per square mile (428.4/km2).

The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,751 people, 5,516 households, and 3,999 families living in the city. The population density was 1,109.1 inhabitants per square mile (428.2/km2). There were 6,139 housing units at an average density of 461.6 per square mile (178.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.6% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 5,516 households, of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 32.2 years. 29.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.9% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.


Primary and secondary education

Republic is part of Republic School District. The district has the following schools:

  • Republic High School
  • Republic Middle School
  • Lyon Elementary
  • McCulloch Elementary
  • Price Elementary
  • Schofield Elementary
  • Sweeny Elementary
  • Republic Early Childhood Center

There are school sports and other activities available for middle and high school students, including football, volleyball, band, choir, academic and specialty clubs, and robotics.

Higher education

Ozarks Technical Community College opened its Republic Center in August 2020. The center serves as a satellite campus offering multiple degree programs to Republic and the surrounding communities.


Republic is located on U.S. Highway 60. Through the city limits, U.S. 60 runs concurrent with Missouri Route 413. Interstate 44 skirts the northern city limits. Missouri Route 360 (future Interstate 244), also known as James River Freeway, begins at an interchange with I-44 north of the city limit and heads east to the U.S. 60 interchange. From here, eastward, the freeway takes on the U.S. 60 designation.

The city is served by BNSF Railway, formerly the Burlington Northern Railroad. The railroad's Cherokee Subdivision runs through the community on its route between Tulsa, Oklahoma and Memphis, Tennessee. When combined with other subdivisions, this route makes up an important corridor linking California with Birmingham and Atlanta. Primary commodities carried on trains include freight and intermodal shipments. Passenger trains stopped running through the community in 1967.

Notable people

  • Charles Harrison Brown, two-term U.S. representative from Missouri's 7th congressional district from 1957–1961.
  • Ross Carter, American football player
  • Stephen R. Bough, Federal Judge Western District of Missouri

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Republic (Misuri) para niños

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