A wall is a vertical dividing surface. It divides space in buildings into rooms or protects buildings. It is usually made of stone or brick. Walls have two main purposes: to support the top part of buildings, and to divide space, giving protection from invasion, escape, and weather.
A retaining wall is a structure made to hold soil from collapsing. It is made in special areas for any other construction work, such as farming or road making.
Types of retaining wall are:
- Anchored wall
- Cantilever wall
- Gravity wall
- Piling wall
Main type of walls
Load Bearing Wall is a structural element. It carries the weight of a house from the roof and upper floors, all the way to the foundation. It supports structural members like beams, slab and walls on above floors.
Non-Load Bearing Wall doesn’t help the structure to stand up and holds up only itself. It doesn’t support floor roof loads above. It is a framed structure. Most are interior walls whose purpose is to divide the structure into rooms.
Partition Wall separates spaces from buildings. It can be solid, constructed from brick or stone. It is a framed construction. The partition wall is secured to the floor, ceiling, and walls. It is enough strong to carry its own load. It resists impact. It is stable and strong to support wall fixtures. The partition wall works as a sound barrier and it is fire resistant.
Cavity Wall consists of two separate wythes. The wythes are made of masonry. Those two walls are known as internal leaf and external leaf. This wall is also known as a hollow wall. It reduce weights on the foundation. It acts as good sound insulation.
Veneered Wall holds up the material. It can be made of brick or stone. The most famous veneered wall is made of brick. The wall is only one wythe thick. It became the norm when building codes began to require insulation in interior walls. It is light weighted. Veneered walls can be built quickly.
Images for kids
Wall art in Budapest's Széll Kálmán Square.
Wall Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.