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Richard T. W. Duke
Richard Thomas Walker Duke.jpg
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Albemarle County
In office
December 3, 1879 – December 7, 1881
Serving with T. L. Michie
Succeeded by John B. Moon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th district
In office
November 8, 1870 – March 3, 1873
Preceded by Robert Ridgway
Succeeded by Alexander Davis
Personal details
Born June 6, 1822
Charlottesville, Virginia
Died July 2, 1898(1898-07-02) (aged 76)
"Sunny Side," Charlottesville, Virginia
Resting place Maplewood Cemetery, Charlottesville, Virginia
Political party Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Funder (in 1880s)
Profession lawyer
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Branch/service  Confederate States of America Army
Rank Confederate States of America Colonel.png Colonel
Unit 46th Virginia Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Richard Thomas Walker Duke Sr. (June 6, 1822 – July 2, 1898) was a nineteenth-century congressman and lawyer from Virginia.

Early and family life

Born near Charlottesville, Virginia, he was the son of Francis Edward Duke (November 29, 1783 in Berkeley, Virginia - November 8, 1836 in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia), the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates and Elizabeth Morris Kendrick (August 23, 1802 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania - October 6, 1869 in Richmond, Virginia). Duke attended private schools as a child and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1844 and from the law department of the University of Virginia in 1850.

Career

Following his admission to the Virginia bar, Duke ran for election as the commonwealth attorney for Albemarle County, Virginia. Elected in 1858, he served as until 1869.

In November, 1859, Duke organized the Albemarle Rifles at Charlottesville. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Duke and his company were mustered into service as Company B of the 19th Virginia Infantry. Duke served with the regiment till he was not re-elected during the reorganization of the regiment and dropped in April, 1862.

Duke continued fighting for the Confederacy, as he was elected Colonel of the 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry in May, 1862. He remained commander till he resigned in March, 1864, due to quarrels with his commander, General Henry Wise. In May, 1864, Duke became Lieutenant Colonel and commander of the 1st Virginia Reserves Battalion. Duke served in the defenses of Richmond and later the Appomattox Campaign and was later captured with his command at the Battle of Sailor's Creek.

After being released from prison in July, 1865, Duke returned to Charlottesville and resumed his law practice. He was elected a Conservative to the United States House of Representatives to fill a vacancy in 1870, defeating Alexander Rives, who ran as a Republican, who courteously and without his normal charge secured a pardon for his opponent in order to remove any taint of civil disability. Rives subsequently was appointed and confirmed as U.S. District Judge for the Western District of Virginia. Congressman Duke served until 1873. Voters elected him to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1879 and 1880.

Death and legacy

Duke died at his estate called "Sunny Side" near Charlottesville, Virginia on July 2, 1898 and was interred in Maplewood Cemetery in Charlottesville.

Electoral history

1870 - Duke was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives unopposed in a special election and was concurrently elected in the general election unopposed.

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