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Rising Sun, Maryland
The historic bank building in Rising Sun
The historic bank building in Rising Sun
Location of Rising Sun, Maryland
Location of Rising Sun, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°41′58″N 76°3′47″W / 39.69944°N 76.06306°W / 39.69944; -76.06306Coordinates: 39°41′58″N 76°3′47″W / 39.69944°N 76.06306°W / 39.69944; -76.06306
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Cecil
Incorporated 1860
Area
 • Total 1.66 sq mi (4.29 km2)
 • Land 1.63 sq mi (4.21 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
390 ft (119 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,781
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,781
 • Density 1,709.28/sq mi (660.08/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21911
Area code(s) 410 Exchange: 658
FIPS code 24-66275
GNIS feature ID 0595204
Website http://www.risingsunmd.org/

Rising Sun is a town in Cecil County, Maryland, United States. The population was 2,781 at the 2010 census.

Overview

Rising Sun is located at 39°41′58″N 76°3′47″W / 39.69944°N 76.06306°W / 39.69944; -76.06306 (39.6994, -76.0630).

The town which became known as Rising Sun was located in the disputed “Nottingham Lots” along the border between colonial Pennsylvania and Maryland. This area was claimed by William Penn and settled by Quakers in 1702 over the objection of Maryland. When Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon conducted a survey of the order in the 1760s, Rising Sun was found to be located in Maryland.

Around 1720, Henry Reynolds established a stone tavern on Nottingham Lot No. 17 to serve as a stage coach stop. According to local lore, he erected a sign over the entrance of the tavern depicting the rays of the sun at dawn and the words "The Rising Sun". As the tavern was located along the route between Baltimore and Philadelphia, it became known as a meeting place for business, politics, elections, and other public activities. Local legend states that the tavern was more well known than the surrounding village (Summer Hill) so that by the time the town’s first post office was established around 1815, Rising Sun was chosen as the official name. There is some conjecture that the post office was located in the tavern.

When the town’s incorporation in 1860, the commissioners had slate sidewalks installed, erected street lamps, and hired a lamplighter who doubled as bailiff and street maintenance man. Six years later the Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad began to serve Rising Sun. Most of the town’s current structure has been built since then.

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places at Rising Sun are: the Jeremiah Brown House and Mill Site, East Nottingham Friends Meetinghouse, Joshua Lowe House, Thomas Richards House, and West Nottingham Meetinghouse.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.27 square miles (3.29 km2), of which, 1.26 square miles (3.26 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 277
1880 314 13.4%
1890 384 22.3%
1900 382 −0.5%
1910 416 8.9%
1920 442 6.3%
1930 565 27.8%
1940 529 −6.4%
1950 668 26.3%
1960 824 23.4%
1970 956 16.0%
1980 1,160 21.3%
1990 1,263 8.9%
2000 1,702 34.8%
2010 2,781 63.4%
2019 (est.) 2,781 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,781 people, 1,062 households, and 732 families living in the town. The population density was 2,207.1 inhabitants per square mile (852.2/km2). There were 1,137 housing units at an average density of 902.4 per square mile (348.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 0.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 1,062 households, of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.17.

The median age in the town was 32.5 years. 30.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

Transportation

2021-08-16 11 24 00 View south along U.S. Route 1 (Rising Sun Bypass) just south of Red Pump Road and Mount Street in Rising Sun, Cecil County, Maryland
US 1 southbound in Rising Sun

Roads are the primary method of travel to and from Rising Sun. The most prominent highway serving Rising Sun directly is U.S. Route 1, which skims the northwest edge of town. Heading south, US 1 heads across the Conowingo Dam on its way towards Baltimore, while to the north, US 1 enters Pennsylvania on its journey towards Philadelphia. Other highways which pass through Rising Sun include Maryland Route 273 and Maryland Route 274. Maryland Route 276 passes just outside the town limits.

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