Rosehill, New South Wales facts for kids
|Location:||23 km (14 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA:||City of Parramatta|
Rosehill is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rosehill is located 23 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Parramatta and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region.
Rosehill contains a mixture of residential, commercial, industrial and recreational land.
In the early days of the colony, the hill behind old Government House had been named ‘Rose Hill’ by Governor Arthur Phillip, before the suburb had been named Parramatta. Nearly a hundred years later in 1883, 850 acres (3.4 km2) of John Macarthur’s Elizabeth Farm were subdivided for industrial purposes. Part of the estate was set aside for a recreation area, which became Rosehill Racecourse.
A public school opened here in 1886 and the railway station opened in 1888 on the Carlingford line, which was a private railway line until it was taken over by the state government in 1904.
- Rosehill Gardens Racecourse hosts some of the most important events on the Australian horse racing calendar, including the prestigious Golden Slipper.
- Historic Elizabeth Farm was the home of wool pioneer, John Macarthur
- Rosehill railway station is on the Carlingford Line of the Sydney Trains network.
- Mercure Sydney Parramatta Hotel, formerly Travelodge Rosehill
At the 2011 census, Rosehill recorded a population of 2,637. Of these:
- The age distribution was unusual, with a preponderance of younger adults compared to the country in general, but similar to the neighbouring suburb of Silverwater. The median age was 31 years, compared to the national median of 37 years. There was a large concentration of people between 20–34 years of age; they make up 38.7% of residents (national average is 20.6%). Children aged 0–14 years made up 17.3% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up only 7.2% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
- There is a broad ethnic mix. Just over one third (35.4%) were born in Australia; the next most common countries of birth were India 13.2%, Lebanon 5.4%, China 4.4%, New Zealand 2.6% and Philippines 2.4%. About three-quarters (73.3%) of residents had both parents born overseas. Only 32.3% of people spoke English at home; other languages spoken at home included Arabic 12.9%, Gujarati 5.2%, Punjabi 3.9%, Mandarin 3.7% and Hindi 3.5%.
- 7.3% only the work-force was unemployed, slightly above the national average of 5.6%.
- Almost two-thirds (64.8%) of households were family households, 31.2% were single person households and 4.0% were group households. Just over half (53.5%) were flats, units or apartments, 36.5% were separate houses, 9.2% were semi-detached, and 0.7% were other dwellings. Half (50.0%) were rented, 26.8% were owned with a mortgage and 15.9% were owned outright.
Rosehill, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.