Saibai Island facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Saibai Island
Saibai (Landsat).png
Landsat image of Saibai Island
Geography
Coordinates 9°24′S 142°41′E / 9.4°S 142.683°E / -9.4; 142.683Coordinates: 9°24′S 142°41′E / 9.4°S 142.683°E / -9.4; 142.683
Archipelago Torres Strait Islands
Major islands Saibai, Kauamag
Area 107.9 km2 (41.7 sq mi)
Length 21.8 km (13.5 mi)
Width 5.2 km (3.2 mi)
Elevation 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in)
Highest point unnamed
Country
Australia
State Queensland
Local government area Shire of Torres
Island Region Top Western
Largest city Saibai (pop. 171)
Demographics
Population 337 (as of 2006 census)
Density 3.1/km2 (8.0/sq mi)
Ethnic groups Torres Strait Islanders

Saibai Island is an island of the Torres Strait Islands archipelago, located in the Torres Strait of Queensland, Australia. The island is situated north of the Australian mainland and south of the island of New Guinea.

Most of the island is held under native title, apart from some government infrastructure and historic buildings.

Geography

The island was formed by alluvial deposits from Papua New Guinean rivers.

Saibai Island is a fairly large low-lying island located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Papua New Guinea mainland. Close to the north of Saibai is the uninhabited Kauamag Island, separated from Saibai by a channel that is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long, between 180 and 650 metres (590 and 2,130 ft) wide, and nearly blocked at its east end.

The island is about 21.8 kilometres (13.5 mi) in length by 5.2 kilometres (3.2 mi) in width, and is flat, predominantly mangrove swamplands, with the highest point being 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) above mean sea level, and prone to flooding during the wet season, which coincides with king tides. A bitumen airstrip allows year-round access.

The main village of Saibai, in the northwest, has a population of 171. The second village, Churum [Surum White Sand], in the southwest, numbers 128.

Islanders

Only a small proportion of the island is inhabited. The population is transient and was recorded as 337 people at the 2006 census census. The population is 70% indigenous, Torres Strait Islander people, with 25% Papuan and 5% White Australian.

The language spoken on Saibai is Kalaw Kawaw Ya (KKY). Saibai Islanders have always traded and had good relations with neighbouring Papuans.

History

After Saibai Island was devastated by abnormally high tides wave after World War Two, a group of Saibai islanders, led by Bamaga Ginau, accepted Government assistance to resettle on Cape York. The village of Saibai was totally flooded by 10 metres (33 ft) of water. Erosion and a lack of freshwater were concerns. Once a site was chosen inland of Red Island, the new town was named Bamaga. Later some moved to a new settlement at Red Island Point on the coast and named it Seisia.

In January 2012, very high tides inundated the island's cemetery and damaged sacred gravesites.

Heritage listings

Saibai Island has a number of heritage-listed sites, including the Holy Trinity Church.


Saibai Island Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.