Schellsburg, Pennsylvania facts for kids

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Schellsburg, Pennsylvania
Borough
Pitt Street on the borough's east side
Pitt Street on the borough's east side
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Bedford
Settled 1808
Incorporated 1838
Area
 • Total 0.25 sq mi (0.66 km2)
 • Land 0.25 sq mi (0.66 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,168 ft (356 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 338
 • Density 1,332/sq mi (514.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15559
Area code(s) 814

Schellsburg is a borough in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 338 at the 2010 census.

History

Schellsburg was so named after John Schell who settled and founded the community. John Schell's grandfather Michael Schell first arrived in Philadelphia from the Palatinate by way of Rotterdam in 1727, after which more family members arrived in 1732 and again in 1738. In 1732 when he returned with other members of his family, Michael Schell purchased a substantial tract of land where he settled with his family in the Perkiomen Valley northwest of Philadelphia, an area in Upper Hanover Township later known as East Greenville, in what was then Philadelphia County and became Montgomery County in 1760. The adjoining community of Hillegassville was named after its founder Johann Frederick Hillegass. His granddaughter Elizabeth Barbara Hillegass married John Schell, Jr., who was born in 1725 at the family homestead granted to his father John Schell, Sr., the youngest son of Michael Schell who died in 1770.

At an early age, John Schell, Jr. became possessed of considerable means after his patriotic service in the Revolutionary War and his father's death in 1777. For many years he traveled extensively on business through Bedford County, western Pennsylvania and Kentucky, which was admitted as a state in 1792. He was impressed by the climate and fertile soil in Kentucky, decided to remove there and select land to establish his own community for his family and friends. In the spring of 1800, John Schell and his family, consisting of his wife, eight young children and his widowed mother, left their home in Montgomery County and traveled west. When they arrived at the Ohio River, he realized that it would be unsafe for his family to traverse the river by boat due to the Indians. He returned through Napier Township in Bedford County and decided instead to settle in what is the present location of Schellsburg.

On May 1, 1800, John Schell purchased large tracts of land of more than 1,500 acres (6.1 km2), which were later divided into farms and given to each of his sons with an equivalent in money and land to his daughters. His own homestead was constructed on property located outside the town of Schellsburg. John Schell generously donated land for schools, churches and town lots and granted parcels to the town and its citizens. In 1808 he laid out the town lots, developed the community and provided impetus for construction of the nearby turnpike as its first president. After he settled in Bedford County, relatives and neighbors in Montgomery County followed and settled in the area and the immediate vicinity. Schellsburg was incorporated as the second borough of Bedford County in 1838. The town was designated as the Schellsburg Historic District in 2001 and included on the National Register of Historic Places in recognition of the town's rich architectural heritage of buildings constructed of log and stone in the 19th century.

The first church in Schellsburg was Union Church. It was erected in 1806 and is the oldest church structure in Bedford County. John Schell died in 1825, his wife in 1842, and they are buried next to each other in the cemetery which encircles the church, surrounded by generations of family members who followed them. Now known as the Old Log Church, it was included on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 as the Chestnut Ridge and Schellsburg Union Church and Cemetery. It was rededicated during the Bicentennial celebration on June 24, 2006. During the celebration, a Founder's Stone was dedicated and placed at the grave of John Schell, which is further distinguished by a DAR marker and flag to commemorate his service in the Revolutionary War.

In 1889, citrus magnate John A. Snively was born in Schellsburg.

Geography

Schellsburg is located in western Bedford County at 40°2′55″N 78°38′38″W / 40.04861°N 78.64389°W / 40.04861; -78.64389 (40.048680, -78.643944). It lies at the south end of Chestnut Ridge and is bordered to the south by Shawnee State Park.

U.S. Route 30, the Lincoln Highway, passes through the borough, leading east 9 miles (14 km) to Bedford, the county seat, and west 86 miles (138 km) to Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania Route 96 crosses Route 30 in the center of town, leading north to New Paris and Pleasantville and south through Shawnee State Park to Manns Choice.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Schellsburg has a total area of 0.25 square miles (0.66 km2), all of it land.

Geology

Schellsburg lies on the southeast flank of Chestnut Ridge, which is a doubly plunging anticline of the Devonian Onondaga Formation and Old Port Formation. The contact of the Onondaga formation with the overlying Marcellus Shale of the Hamilton Group passes through the town. All the rocks dip gently to the southeast.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 360
1860 394 9.4%
1870 342 −13.2%
1880 359 5.0%
1890 281 −21.7%
1900 312 11.0%
1910 314 0.6%
1920 290 −7.6%
1930 300 3.4%
1940 328 9.3%
1950 305 −7.0%
1960 288 −5.6%
1970 271 −5.9%
1980 325 19.9%
1990 245 −24.6%
2000 316 29.0%
2010 338 7.0%
Est. 2015 333 −1.5%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there are 316 people, 129 households, and 91 families residing in the borough. The population density is 793.6 people per square mile (305.0/km²). There are 148 housing units at an average density of 371.7 per square mile (142.9/km²). The racial makeup of the borough is 98.42% White, 0.32% Native American, and 1.27% from two or more races. 0.32% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 129 households, out of which 27.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% are married couples living together, 3.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% are non-families. 24.8% of all households are made up of individuals, and 14.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 2.86.

In the borough the population is spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $36,563, and the median income for a family is $38,750. Males have a median income of $27,386 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $16,303. 5.8% of the population and 2.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, none of those under the age of 18 and 13.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.


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