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Secret police facts for kids

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Katyn - decision of massacre p1
The first page of Beria's notice (oversigned by Stalin and other high-ranking Politburo members), to kill approximately 25,000 Polish officers and intellectuals in the Katyn Forest and other places in the Soviet Union

A secret police force is an agency most often used in dictatorships. It is used to scare people living under a dictatorship into agreeing with the dictator's policies. Not all dictatorships, however, use a secret police force. Fidel Castro's Cuba and Mao Zedong's China were able to maintain a dictatorship without using secret police.

Historical secret police agencies

Secret police agency Nation Existed from State leader
Cheka / OGPU / NKVD U.S.S.R. 1917–1946 Joseph Stalin
Gestapo Third Reich 1933–1945 Adolf Hitler
Stasi East Germany (DDR) 1950–1990 Walter Ulbricht / Erich Honecker (1971–89)
OVRA Italy 1927–1943 Benito Mussolini
DINA / CNI Chile 1973–1990 Augusto Pinochet
State Security Department North Korea 1948–present Kim dynasty (North Korea)

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